Jae Youn Cho

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BACKGROUND Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of rash, arthralgia, and fever after cold exposure. The genetic basis of this disease has been elucidated. Cryopyrin, the protein that is altered in FCAS, is one of the adaptor proteins that activate caspase 1, resulting in release(More)
To determine the role of IL-5 in airway remodeling, IL-5-deficient and WT mice were sensitized to OVA and challenged by repetitive administration of OVA for 3 months. IL-5-deficient mice had significantly less peribronchial fibrosis (total lung collagen content, peribronchial collagens III and V) and significantly less peribronchial smooth muscle (thickness(More)
The fungal allergen, Alternaria, is specifically associated with severe asthma, including life-threatening exacerbations. To better understand the acute innate airway response to Alternaria, naive wild-type (WT) mice were challenged once intranasally with Alternaria. Naive WT mice developed significant bronchoalveolar lavage eosinophilia following(More)
Orosomucoid like 3 (ORMDL3) has been strongly linked with asthma in genetic association studies, but its function in asthma is unknown. We demonstrate that in mice ORMDL3 is an allergen and cytokine (IL-4 or IL-13) inducible endoplasmic reticulum (ER) gene expressed predominantly in airway epithelial cells. Allergen challenge induces a 127-fold increase in(More)
Intracellular signaling pathways that converge on Smad 3 are used by both TGF-beta and activin A, key cytokines implicated in the process of fibrogenesis. To determine the role of Smad 3 in allergen-induced airway remodeling, Smad 3-deficient and wild-type (WT) mice were sensitized to OVA and challenged by repetitive administration of OVA for 1 mo.(More)
Whether hypoxia contributes to airway inflammation and remodeling in asthma is unknown. In this study we used mice exposed to a hypoxic environment during allergen challenge (simulating hypoxia during an asthma exacerbation) to investigate the contribution of hypoxia to airway inflammation and remodeling. Although neither hypoxia alone, nor OVA allergen(More)
In response to inflammation or injury, airway epithelial cells express inducible genes that may contribute to allergen-induced airway remodeling. To determine the contribution of epithelial cell NF-kappaB activation to the remodeling response, we generated CC10-Cre(tg)/Ikkbeta(delta/delta) mice in which NF-kappaB signaling through IkappaB kinase beta(More)
We screened bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids from COPD-E (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-Emphysema) and control subjects using a 120 Ab cytokine array and demonstrated that adiponectin was highly expressed in BAL in COPD-E. An adiponectin ELISA confirmed that adiponectin was highly expressed in BAL in COPD-E compared with smokers and healthy(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of extracellular proteases that are responsible for the degradation of the extracellular matrix during tissue remodeling. We have used a mouse model of allergen-induced airway remodeling to determine whether MMP-9 plays a role in airway remodeling. MMP-9-deficient and wild-type (WT) mice were repetitively(More)
BACKGROUND Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is a cytokine that is mitogenic for fibroblasts and smooth muscle and may play a role in airway remodeling in asthma. We have used a mouse model of chronic ovalbumin (OVA) allergen-induced airway remodeling to determine whether bFGF and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 are expressed and regulated by(More)