Learn More
BACKGROUND Bone morphogenic proteins (BMPs) are known to promote osteogenesis, and clinical trials are currently underway to evaluate the ability of certain BMPs to promote fracture-healing and spinal fusion. The optimal BMPs to be used in different clinical applications have not been elucidated, and a comprehensive evaluation of the relative osteogenic(More)
Genotoxic stresses stabilize the p53 tumor suppressor protein which, in turn, transactivates target genes to cause apoptosis. Although Noxa, a "BH3-only" member of the Bcl-2 family, was shown to be a target of p53-mediated transactivation and to function as a mediator of p53-dependent apoptosis through mitochondrial dysfunction, the molecular mechanism by(More)
Bone formation is presumably a complex and well-orchestrated process of osteoblast lineage-specific differentiation. As members of the TGFbeta superfamily, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play an important role in regulating osteoblast differentiation and subsequent bone formation. Several BMPs are able to induce de novo bone formation. Although(More)
Beta-Catenin is a critical transducer of the Wnt signal pathway and plays an important role in many developmental and cellular processes. Deregulation of beta-catenin signaling has been observed in a broad range of human tumors. In this report, we investigated whether tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI-571 could inhibit the beta-catenin signaling activity and(More)
Efficacious bone regeneration could revolutionize the clinical management of many bone and musculoskeletal disorders. Bone has the unique ability to regenerate and continuously remodel itself throughout life. However, clinical situations arise when bone is unable to heal itself, as with segmental bone loss, fracture non-union, and failed spinal fusion. This(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Identifying the appropriate choice between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an unresolved issue in elderly patients with ESRD, who are at high risk for death but have a low chance of receiving kidney transplantation. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Data on 13,065 incident dialysis Korean patients(More)
Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been considered as a very attractive therapeutic alternative to chemical drugs; however, the chemical and biological instability and poor delivery efficiency of siRNA limit its success in clinical applications. Here we report a protein-resistant, reductively dissociable siRNA delivery system based on self-assembled(More)
The original Distributed-Queueing Request Update Multiple Access (DQRUMA)/Multi-code (MC)-Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) protocol was developed as a channel access protocol for wireless packet CDMA networks. We modify the original protocol, which was designed for data traffic only, to additionally accommodate voice traffic. We evaluate the performance(More)
, In this paper we introduce an enhanced DQRUMA/ MC-CDMA protocol for wireless packet networks. The original DQRUMA/MC-CDMA protocol may suffer severe code collisions due to a limited number of request codes. An enhanced DQRUMA/MC-CDMA protocol using minislots for request accesses is proposed to reduce request collisions. In the proposed protocol, request(More)
TRAIL has been suggested to induce the cell death in various tumor cells but not in normal cells; however, several studies have provided the evidence that TRAIL can induce the cell death in some normal cells including human normal hepatocytes, suggesting that TRAIL may show hepatic toxicity in human. In this study, we designed a pro-form of TRAIL(More)