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In 2011, dozens of children and pregnant women in Korea died by exposure to sterilizer for household humidifier, such as Oxy® and Cefu®. Until now, however, it remains unknown how the sterilizer affect the human health to cause the acute deaths. To find its toxicity for organ, we investigated the putative toxicity of the sterilizer in the cardiovascular(More)
This study examined the apoptotic effects of crude saponins acquired from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum (SPR) in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. SPR decreased HT-29 cell proliferation in dose- and time-dependent manners by inducing apoptosis via DNA fragmentation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. The apoptosis induced by SPR was(More)
Although many artificial sweeteners (AS) have safety issues, the AS have been widely used in industry. To determine the physiologic effect of AS in the presence of hyperlipidemia, zebrafish were fed aspartame or saccharin with a high-cholesterol diet (HCD). After 12 days, 30% of zebrafish, which consumed aspartame and HCD, died with exhibiting swimming(More)
This study investigated the beneficial effects of SK1 on obesity and insulin resistance in C57BL/6 mice, which were fed a high-fat diet (37% calories from fat). SK1 is an edible saponin-rich compound from Platycodi radix. The mice were supplemented with two doses of SK1 (0.5% and 1.0%, wt/wt) for 9 weeks. The body weight, visceral fat mass, and adipocyte(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the underlying apoptotic mechanisms of celastrol, a major biologically active component of Tripterygium regelii, in human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. Celastrol was isolated from T. regelii chloroform extract by silica gel column chromatography, and its chemical structure was identified via (1)H NMR and(More)
Safety concerns have been raised regarding the association of chronic consumption of artificial sweeteners (ASs) with metabolic disorders, especially in the heart and brain. There has been no information on the in vivo physiological effects of AS consumption in lipoprotein metabolism. High-dosage treatment (final 25, 50, and 100 mM) with AS (aspartame,(More)
Among unsaturated fatty acids, epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that ω-6 (linoleic acid) and ω-3 (linolenic acid) fatty acids show different associations with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), although its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. To determine why consumption of ω-3 fatty acid is associated with lower risk of CVD, we investigated the(More)
Ursolic acid (3β-hydroxy-urs-12-en-28-oic acid) is a major biological active component of Corni fructus that is known to induce apoptosis. However, the apoptotic mechanism of ursolic acid using primary malignant tumor (RC-58T/h/SA#4)-derived human prostate cells is not known. In the present study, ursolic acid significantly inhibited the growth of(More)