Jae-Yong Kim

Learn More
In 2011, dozens of children and pregnant women in Korea died by exposure to sterilizer for household humidifier, such as Oxy® and Cefu®. Until now, however, it remains unknown how the sterilizer affect the human health to cause the acute deaths. To find its toxicity for organ, we investigated the putative toxicity of the sterilizer in the cardiovascular(More)
This study examined the apoptotic effects of crude saponins acquired from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum (SPR) in HT-29 human colon cancer cells. SPR decreased HT-29 cell proliferation in dose- and time-dependent manners by inducing apoptosis via DNA fragmentation and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. The apoptosis induced by SPR was(More)
Although many artificial sweeteners (AS) have safety issues, the AS have been widely used in industry. To determine the physiologic effect of AS in the presence of hyperlipidemia, zebrafish were fed aspartame or saccharin with a high-cholesterol diet (HCD). After 12 days, 30% of zebrafish, which consumed aspartame and HCD, died with exhibiting swimming(More)
This study investigated the beneficial effects of SK1 on obesity and insulin resistance in C57BL/6 mice, which were fed a high-fat diet (37% calories from fat). SK1 is an edible saponin-rich compound from Platycodi radix. The mice were supplemented with two doses of SK1 (0.5% and 1.0%, wt/wt) for 9 weeks. The body weight, visceral fat mass, and adipocyte(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the underlying apoptotic mechanisms of celastrol, a major biologically active component of Tripterygium regelii, in human breast adenocarcinoma MCF-7 cells. Celastrol was isolated from T. regelii chloroform extract by silica gel column chromatography, and its chemical structure was identified via (1)H NMR and(More)
Among unsaturated fatty acids, epidemiologic studies have demonstrated that ω-6 (linoleic acid) and ω-3 (linolenic acid) fatty acids show different associations with risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), although its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. To determine why consumption of ω-3 fatty acid is associated with lower risk of CVD, we investigated the(More)
In this study, we evaluated the effects of α-mangostin on cell growth inhibition and induction of apoptosis in MCF-7 ERα-positive human breast cancer cells. Our results showed that α-mangostin inhibited MCF-7 cell proliferation whereas ERα-negative MDA-MB-231 cells were less sensitive to the agent. Additionally, α-mangostin effectively induced apoptosis as(More)
Three major sources of flavonoids and phenolic compounds, which are commonly used in food industry, namely loquat leaf (LL), grape skin (GS) and acai puree, were tested in regard to their potential anti-atherosclerotic and anti-diabetic activity. The compounds were evaluated by in vitro antioxidant assay using a macrophage model and for in vivo(More)
Particulate matter2.5 (PM2.5) is notorious for its strong toxic effects on the cardiovascular, skin, nervous, and reproduction systems. However, the molecular mechanism by which PM2.5 aggravates disease progression is poorly understood, especially in a water-soluble state. In the current study, we investigated the putative physiological effects of aqueous(More)
Acrylamide is a well-known potent carcinogen and neurotoxin that, until now, has not been sufficiently investigated with regard to its effects on lipid metabolism. We investigated physiological effects of acrylamide (AA) on lipoprotein metabolism using human macrophages, dermal cells, and zebrafish models. Functional and structural properties of(More)