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A longitudinal analysis was carried out of the colonization by four potential respiratory pathogens - Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and Staphylococcus aureus - in 165 healthy children (aged 3-7 years) attending three kindergartens and 417 healthy children (aged 7-10 years) attending an elementary school in Seoul,(More)
We investigated changes in serotypes and antimicrobial susceptibilities among 386 isolates of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae collected from numerous hospitals in Korea from 1996 to 2008. Serotypes 19F (9.8 %), 23F (8.3 %), 19A (7.8 %), 6A (7.5 %), 3 (7.3 %), 9V (6.5 %), 6B (6.2 %), 14 (4.9 %), 1 (3.9 %), 11A (3.9 %) and 4 (3.1 %) represented 69.2 % of(More)
Current human anthrax vaccines available in the United States and Europe consist of alum-precipitated supernatant material from cultures of a toxigenic, nonencapsulated strain of Bacillus anthracis. The major component of human anthrax vaccine that confers protection is protective antigen (PA). A second-generation human vaccine using the recombinant PA(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are ubiquitous in the environment and can cause nosocomial infections in immunocompromised patients. Recently the presence of NTM in public drinking water and hospital water distribution systems has been reported. Their ability to form biofilms and their resistance to chlorine both contribute to their survival and(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a major cause of opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients, making the reliable and rapid identification of NTM to the species level very important for the treatment of such patients. Therefore, this study evaluated the usefulness of the novel target genes tuf and tmRNA for the identification of NTM to the(More)
We report here the draft genome sequences of four vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA) strains from South Korean hospitals participating in a nationwide laboratory surveillance program for vancomycin-intermediate and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus All strains harbor mutations in the walKR, graSR, and/or rpoB genes that are known(More)
Background: To investigate the national molecular epidemiology and resistance profiles of vancomycinintermediate Staphylococcus aureus (VISA), we analyzed the characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) collected from clinical samples at tertiary or general hospitals participating in a nationwide surveillance program for VISA and(More)
Of 18 vanA-positive vancomycin-susceptible Enterococcus faecium isolates, vanRS in the vanA cluster was detected in all isolates, while vanHAX was detected in only 2 isolates. Following exposure to glycopeptides, 22.2% of vancomycin-susceptible E. faecium (VSE) converted into vancomycin-resistant E. faecium. The vanA cluster of the revertant mutant was(More)
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