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Monascus spp. produce several well-known polyketides such as monacolin K, citrinin, and azaphilone pigments. In this study, the azaphilone pigment biosynthetic gene cluster was identified through T-DNA random mutagenesis in Monascus purpureus. The albino mutant W13 bears a T-DNA insertion upstream of a transcriptional regulator gene (mppR1). The(More)
Compressed video bitstreams are very sensitive to transmission errors. If we lose packets or receive them with errors during transmission, not only the current frame will be corrupted, but also the error will propagate to succeeding frames due to the spatiotemporal predictive coding structure. Error detection and concealment is a good approach to reduce the(More)
Compressed video bitstreams are intended for real-time transmission over communication networks. Most of the video coding standards employ the temporal and spatial prediction structure to reduce the transmitted video data. Therefore, the coded video bitstreams are highly sensitive to information loss and channel errors. Even a single bit error can lead to(More)
In this paper, we propose a fragile watermarking algorithm for image authentication and integrity. Existing fragile watermarking algorithms had to accept the image distortion in order to insert the watermark. To overcome this drawback, we propose a new fragile watermarking algorithm which can recover the original image after extracting the watermark.(More)
In applications with highly correlated inputs or long length of filter, adaptive filters suffer from slow convergence and large steady-state error. Affine projection algorithms based on the subband structure and step size controlling are good solutions for these problems. In this paper, we propose a new subband affine projection algorithm with variable step(More)