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In a recent study on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells we found that epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), a major biologically active component of green tea, inhibited activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and related signaling pathways. Since activation of EGFR signaling pathways is associated with angiogenesis, we(More)
Sulindac sulfone (Exisulind) induces apoptosis and exhibits cancer chemopreventive activity, but in contrast to sulindac, it does not inhibit cyclooxygenases 1 or 2. We found that sulindac sulfone and two potent derivatives, CP248 and CP461, inhibited the cyclic GMP (cGMP) phosphodiesterases (PDE) 2 and 5 in human colon cells, and these compounds caused(More)
Heat shock protein 25 (HSP25) interferes negatively with apoptosis through several pathways that involve its direct interaction with cytochrome c or Akt. Here we show that HSP25 inhibits protein kinase C (PKC) delta-mediated cell death through direct interaction. HSP25 binds to kinase-active PKCdelta to inhibit its kinase activity and translocation to the(More)
Oxidative stress is known to induce apoptosis in a wide variety of cell types, apparently by modulating intracellular signaling pathways. High concentrations of H2O2 have been found to induce apoptosis in L929 mouse fibroblast cells. To elucidate the mechanisms of H2O2-mediated apoptosis, ERK1/2, p38-MAPK, and JNK1/2 phosphorylation was examined, and ERK1/2(More)
Cyclin D1 is frequently amplified and/or overexpressed in human breast cancer and several other types of cancer. To examine the role of cyclin D1 in normal mammary epithelial cells, in the present study we have overexpressed human cyclin D1 in the mouse mammary epithelial cell line HC11, using retrovirus-mediated transduction. We found that the cyclin D1(More)
The precise mechanism by which protein kinase C-delta (PKCdelta) inhibits cell cycle progression is not known. We investigated the regulation of cyclin D1 transcription by PKCdelta in primary bovine airway smooth muscle cells. Overexpression of the active catalytic subunit of PKCdelta attenuated platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-mediated transcription(More)
Epidemiological and experimental carcinogenesis studies provide evidence that components of garlic (Allium sativum) have anticancer activity. We recently reported that the garlic derivative S-allylmercaptocysteine (SAMC) inhibits growth, arrests cells in G(2)-M, and induces apoptosis in human colon cancer cells (Shirin et al., Cancer Res., 61: 725-731,(More)
Recent studies provide evidence that exisulind and two potent derivatives, CP461 and CP248, induce apoptosis in colon cancer cells by inhibiting cyclic GMP (cGMP)-specific phosphodiesterases (phosphodiesterases 2 and 5). This causes an increase in intracellular levels of cGMP, thus activating the cGMP-dependent protein kinase G (PKG), which then activates(More)
Despite the involvement in diverse physiological process and pleiotropic expression profile, the molecular functions of Nur77 are not likely to be fully elucidated. From the effort to find a novel function of Nur77, we detected molecular interaction between Nur77 and PKC. Details of interaction revealed that C-terminal ligand binding domain (LBD) of Nur77(More)