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Handoff at the link layer 2 (L2) consists of three phases including scanning, authentication, and reassociation. Among the three phases, scanning is dominant in terms of time delay. Thus, in this paper, we propose an improved scanning mechanism to minimize the disconnected time while a wireless station (STA) changes the associated access points (APs).(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a psychiatric disorder that affects ~5% of school-aged children; however, the mechanisms underlying ADHD remain largely unclear. Here we report a previously unidentified association between G protein-coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein-1 (GIT1) and ADHD in humans. An intronic single-nucleotide(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to environmental levels of lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) has been associated with detrimental effects to neurodevelopment. However, little is known about the potential association between environmental levels of Pb and Mn on intelligence of children. The aims of the study were to investigate the association of community level of Pb and Mn(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) represents a candidate autoantigen in multiple sclerosis (MS). We isolated MBP from normal and MS human white matter and purified six components (charge isomers) to compare the post-translational modifications on each. The sites and extent of methylation, deimination, and phosphorylation were documented for all tryptic peptides by(More)
BACKGROUND Concern over phthalates has emerged because of their potential toxicity to humans. OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationship between the urinary concentrations of phthalate metabolites and children's intellectual functioning. METHODS This study enrolled 667 children at nine elementary schools in five South Korean cities. A cross-sectional(More)
The symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be treated with methylphenidate (MPH), a potent blocker of dopamine transporter (DAT). The homozygosity of the 10-repeat allele at the DAT gene (DAT1) seems to be associated with a poor response to MPH in children with ADHD. In the present study, we investigated the association between DAT(More)
Of the Salmonella enterica serovars, S. Enteritidis and S. Typhimurium are responsible for most of the Salmonella outbreaks implicated in the consumption of contaminated foods in the Republic of Korea. Because of the widespread occurrence of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella in foods and food processing environments, bacteriophages have recently surfaced(More)
BACKGROUND Internet addiction has become increasingly recognized as a mental disorder, though its neurobiological basis is unknown. This study used functional neuroimaging to investigate whole-brain functional connectivity in adolescents diagnosed with internet addiction. Based on neurobiological changes seen in other addiction related disorders, it was(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate a possible association between norepinephrine genes and cardiovascular side effects of the Osmotic Controlled-Release Oral Delivery System-methylphenidate (OROS-MPH) in Korean children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). One hundred and one children with ADHD (8.7 ± 1.7 years) were recruited(More)
BACKGROUND The lethality of the suicide method is a strong risk factor for completed suicide. We examined whether the annual change in the pattern of suicide methods was related to the annual change in suicide rates among adolescents in South Korea and the United States. METHODS We analyzed annual data for the 2000-2009 period for South Korea and the(More)