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Coptidis Rhizoma and its isolated alkaloids are reported to possess a variety of activities, including neuroprotective and antioxidant effects. Thus, the anti-Alzheimer and antioxidant effects of six protoberberine alkaloids (berberine, palmatine, jateorrhizine, epiberberine, coptisine, and groenlandicine) and one aporphine alkaloid (magnoflorine) from(More)
Oxidative stress is considered to be a major cause of aging and many age-related diseases. Calorie restriction (CR) is known to retard deleterious, age-related processes. Recent studies document that CR retards the aging process by regulating the redox environment through its anti-oxidative properties. Among the key cellular components exquisitely sensitive(More)
The present work investigates protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) and the α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of two edible brown algae, Ecklonia stolonifera and Eisenia bicyclis, as well as in their isolated phlorotannins. Since the individual extracts and fractions showed significant inhibitory activities, column chromatography was performed to(More)
Aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs) provide an important therapeutic and preventive opportunity against hyperglycemia associated diabetic complications. The methanolic extracts of 12 species from the genus Artemisia exhibited significant in vitro rat lens AR (RLAR) inhibitory activities with IC(50) values ranging from 0.51 to 13.45 μg/mL (quercetin, 0.64(More)
As part of our ongoing search of natural sources for therapeutic and preventive agents for diabetic complications, the rat lens aldose reductase (RLAR) inhibitory effect of Coptidis Rhizoma (the rhizome of Coptis chinensis Franch) was evaluated. Its extract and fractions exhibited broad and moderate RLAR inhibitory activities of 38.9 approximately 67.5(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) play an important role in the pathogenesis of many human degenerative diseases such as cancer, aging, arteriosclerosis, and rheumatism. Much attention has been focused on the development of safe and effective antioxidants. To discover sources of antioxidative activity in marine algae, extracts from 17 kinds of seaweed were(More)
Important targets for the prevention and treatment of diabetic complications include aldose reductase (AR) inhibitors (ARIs) and inhibitors of advanced glycation endproduct (AGE) formation. Here we evaluate the inhibitory activities of prenylated flavonoids isolated from Sophora flavescens, a traditional herbal medicine, on rat lens AR (RLAR), human(More)
Anti-inflammatory activity of Saccharina japonica and its active components was evaluated via in vitro inhibitory activities against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cells. Since the methanolic extract of S. japonica(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the beneficial properties lignan compounds obtained from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa (Thunb.) Vahl (Oleaceae) for protecting human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) against lipid peroxidation. The isolated compounds (1-8) inhibited the generation of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) in a(More)
To determine the anti-complement activity of natural triterpenes, chromatographic separation of the EtOAc-soluble fraction from the fruiting body of Ganoderma lucidum led to the isolation of three steroids and five triterpenoids. They were identified as ergosterol peroxide (1), ergosterol (2), genoderic acid Sz (3), stella sterol (4), ganoderic aic C1 (5),(More)