Jae-Seung Lee

Learn More
The loss of proteoglycans (PG) in the articular cartilage is an early signature of osteoarthritis (OA). The ensuing changes in the fixed charge density in the cartilage can be directly linked to sodium concentration via charge balance. Sodium ions in the knee joint appear in two pools: in the synovial fluids or joint effusion where the ions are in free(More)
Sodium NMR spectroscopy and MRI have become popular in recent years through the increased availability of high-field MRI scanners, advanced scanner hardware and improved methodology. Sodium MRI is being evaluated for stroke and tumor detection, for breast cancer studies, and for the assessment of osteoarthritis and muscle and kidney functions, to name just(More)
The development of chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) and magnetization transfer (MT) contrast in MRI has enabled the enhanced detection of metabolites and biomarkers in vivo. In brain MRI, the separation between CEST and MT contrast has been particularly difficult due to overlaps in the frequency responses of the contrast mechanisms. We(More)
Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST), arising from mobile groups, and magnetization transfer (MT) contrast arising from immobile protons, have enjoyed wide popularity recently in MRI applications. It is often difficult to separate genuine CEST signatures from MT effects, which are asymmetric with respect to the water resonance. A two-pool model for(More)
Optimal control theory is applied for enhancing the intensity of the central peak of a spin 3/2 signal in the presence of a residual quadrupolar coupling. While a maximum enhancement is always possible in the regime omega(rf) << omega(Q) via the use of modulated and shaped pulses, the intermediate rf-power regime omega(rf)-omega(Q) does not admit simple(More)