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Sphingomonas species can be found ubiquitously in the environment and can be frequently found in surface biofilms. Some Sphingomonas strains are well known for metabolizing complex organic pollutants but some are opportunistic human pathogens. Despite the importance of the Sphingomonas species, a reliable system to isolate this group of bacteria from the(More)
Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the most prevalent gastroenteritis-causing pathogen in Korea and in some other Asian countries. It is frequently found in oysters and other seafood. This study monitored changes in the prevalence of V. parahaemolyticus and environmental parameters in oyster aquaculture environments in Korea. From June to October 2014, we tested(More)
The rhizobial bacterium Bradyrhizobium japonicum functions as a nitrogen-fixing symbiont of the soybean plant (Glycine max). Plants are capable of producing an oxidative burst, a rapid proliferation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as a defense mechanism against pathogenic and symbiotic bacteria. Therefore, B. japonicum must be able to resist such a(More)
Bradyrhizobium japonicum, a nitrogen-fixing bacterium in soil, establishes a symbiotic relationship with the leguminous soybean plant. Despite a mutualistic association between the two partners, the host plant produces an oxidative burst to protect itself from the invasion of rhizobial cells. We investigated the effects of H(2)O(2)-mediated oxidative stress(More)
Propionibacterium acnes has been known to be involved in the pathology of acne. However, the definite mechanism in the development of acne and the inflammation are unknown. For P. acnes, a transformation method has not been established, although it is believed to be a basic tool for gene manipulation. This study attempted to develop a P. acnes(More)
Rhodococcus sp. strain T104 is able to utilize both limonene and biphenyl as growth substrates. Furthermore, T104 possesses separate pathways for the degradation of limonene and biphenyl. Previously, we found that a gene(s) involved in limonene degradation was also related to indigo-producing ability. To further corroborate this observation, we have cloned(More)
We have developed a rapid method for preparation of RNA from various Gram-positive bacteria. Unlike some methods, this method does not require lysozyme and proteinase K. Instead, we used glass beads to break cells more efficiently. Using this method, we successfully isolated the total RNA from various Gram-positive bacteria. This method is rapid, simple,(More)
Contamination by Cd is a significant environmental problem. Therefore, we examined Cd removal from an environmental perspective. Ureolysis-driven calcium carbonate precipitation has been proposed for use in geotechnical engineering for soil remediation applications. In this study, 55 calcite-forming bacterial strains were newly isolated from various(More)
Contamination by radioactive strontium ((90)Sr) is a significant environmental problem. Ureolytically driven calcium carbonate precipitation has been proposed for use in geotechnical engineering for soil remediation applications. In this study, 68 ureolytic bacterial strains were newly isolated from various environments. Of these, 19 strains were selected(More)
The galE gene from Bradyrhizobium japonicum 61A101C, a soybean endosymbiont, was cloned and characterized. Its deduced amino-acid sequence showed a high similarity with that of other rhizobia. Functional identification of the galE gene was achieved by complementation of a galE mutant strain, PL2, with a series of pKM subclones. Disruption of the B.(More)