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Four phosphoproteins, of 34, 43, 50, and 84 kDa, with common amino termini are synthesized via alternative splicing from the UL112-113 region of the human cytomegalovirus genome. Although genetic studies provided evidence that both the UL112 and UL113 loci in the viral genome are required for efficient viral replication, whether the four proteins play(More)
Tyrosinase plays a core role in melanogenesis of the various organisms. Therefore, the regulation of the tyrosinase activity is directly related with melanin synthesis. In this study, we investigated the Cl(-)-induced inhibition of human tyrosinase and the potent role of Cl(-) as a negative regulator in melanogenesis. For the inhibition kinetic studies,(More)
With a strategy of chelating coppers at tyrosinase active site to detect an effective inhibitor, several copper-specific chelators were applied in this study. Ammonium tetrathiomolybdate (ATTM) among them, known as a drug for treating Wilson's disease, turned out to be a significant tyrosinase inhibitor. Treatment with ATTM on mushroom tyrosinase completely(More)
Sensitive assay methods for tyrosinase are essential not only for the understanding the process of pigment production but also for the development of effective inhibitors of tyrosinase. To develop an efficient assay method, we applied thymol blue to reaction mixtures. The enzyme kinetic study revealed that DOPA oxidase activity of tyrosinase in thymol(More)
Guamerin, a canonical serine protease inhibitor from Hirudo nipponia, was identified as an elastase-specific inhibitor and has potential application in various diseases caused by elevated elastase concentration. However, the application of guamerin is limited because it also shows inhibitory activity against other proteases. To improve the selectivity of(More)
Skeletal myogenesis is coordinated by multiple signaling pathways that control cell adhesion/migration, survival and differentiation accompanied by muscle-specific gene expression. A cell surface protein Cdo is involved in cell contact-mediated promyogenic signals through activation of p38MAPK and AKT. Protein kinase C-related kinase 2 (PKN2/PRK2) is(More)
Epithelial-stromal interaction 1 (EPSTI1) was first discovered as a gene induced in breast cancer epithelial cells by co-cultured stromal fibroblasts. There are many reports on the role of Epsti1 in cancer malignancy. Epsti1 is now well known in regulating cancer. Recently, the role of Epsti1 in the immune response has been reported; these reports suggest(More)
The processes of aggregation and refolding of recombinant human creatine kinase (rHCK) were studied. Most of the rHCK expressed in E. coli was present in the insoluble traction and it could be solubilized in 6 M urea solution. Unfolding of rHCK in 6 M urea showed biphasic kinetic courses (kappa1 = 6.5 x 10(-3) s(-1); kappa2 = 0.54 x 10(-3) s(-1)) as(More)
Zinc finger protein 133 (ZNF133) is composed of a Kruppel-associated box (KRAB) domain and 14 contiguous zinc finger motifs. ZNF133 is regarded as a transcriptional repressor because the KRAB domain has potent repressor activity and the zinc finger motifs usually act in binding to DNA. However, we found that the zinc finger motifs of ZNF133 also possessed(More)
Functioning of the thaumatin-like (TL) protein is known to be pathogenesis- or stress-related. Here we identified TL protein cDNA, from an apple- skin library, that was nearly identical to that of theMdTl1 gene. Transcripts of this so-named gene,MdTL1a, were highly expressed in the fruit, but rarely in other tissue types. Expression was found in both the(More)