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It has been proposed recently that two types of GnRH receptors (GnRHR) exist in a particular species. Here we present data demonstrating that at least three types of GnRHR are expressed in a single diploid species, the bullfrog. Three different cDNAs, encoding distinct types of bullfrog GnRHR (bfGnRHR-1, bfGnRHR-2, and bfGnRHR-3), were isolated from(More)
To determine the organization of the orphan nuclear receptor SHP gene (Seol, W., Choi, H.-S., and Moore, D.D. (1996) Science 272, 1336-1339), genomic clones were isolated from human and mouse genomic libraries. The SHP gene was composed of two exons interrupted by a single intron spanning approximately 1.8 kilobases in human and 1.2 kilobases in mouse.(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 (NR4A1) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily and plays an important role in the regulation of genes involved in steroidogenesis and cell death. Northern blot analysis revealed that the expression of Nur77 mRNA was increased after puberty in mouse testis, and hCG treatment of peripubertal animals induced this gene(More)
The steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein is a key regulator for the steroidogenesis in acute response to trophic hormone. A rat complementary DNA of the StAR protein was cloned and its complete nucleotide sequence was determined. The deduced amino acid sequence of the clone has an additional 86 amino acid stretch at amino terminus when it was(More)
The steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein plays essential roles in the delivery of cytosolic cholesterol into the mitochondrial inner membrane, which is an acute regulated and rate-limiting step for the steroid hormone synthesis. Since retinoic acids (RAs) are known to induce the synthesis of steroid hormones in mouse Leydig cells in vitro, mouse(More)
To identify a new gene(s) located on the yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clone D142H8 that was mapped to human chromosome 21q22.1, purified YAC DNA from the clone was utilized directly as a probe to screen a human brain cDNA library after the suppression of human repetitive DNA. One cDNA clone hybridizing specifically to the YAC D142H8 DNA was identified.(More)
Recently, we have identified three distinct types of bullfrog GnRH receptor (designated bfGnRHR-1, bfGnRHR-2, and bfGnRHR-3). In the present study, we have isolated three GnRHR clones in Rana dybowskii (dyGnRHR-1, dyGnRHR-2, and dyGnRHR-3). Despite high homology of dyGnRHRs with the corresponding bfGnRHRs, dyGnRHRs revealed different signaling pathways and(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of three distinct types of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) in a bullfrog (denoted bfGnRHR-1, bfGnRHR-2, and bfGnRHR-3). The bfGnRHRs exhibited differential tissue distribution and ligand selectivity. In the present study, we demonstrated the desensitization and internalization kinetics of these(More)
Nuclear receptors regulate transcription by binding to specific DNA response elements as homodimers or heterodimers with the retinoid X receptors (RXRs). The identity box (I-box), a 40-amino acid region within the ligand-binding domains of RXRs and other nuclear receptors, was recently shown to determine identity in the heterodimeric interactions. Here, we(More)
Yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) clones have been successfully utilized to generate a YAC contig map of the long arm of human chromosome 21 (Hu21q). The chromosome subband of 21q22.1 where five genetic loci (IFNAR1, IFNAR2, CRFB4, AF-1, and GART) are mapped is a gene-rich region and needs to be characterized in further detail. YAC D142H8 and YAC F136C5,(More)
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