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BACKGROUND AND AIM Although the large cell-sized biliary stent facilitates contralateral stent deployment through the mesh of the first metallic stent for stent-in-stent (SIS) technique, there are concerns about its vulnerability to tumor ingrowth. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical outcomes of endoscopic bilateral SIS placement(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is a significant sequelae in children receiving chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Reduced BMD is associated with an increased risk for fractures. Pamidronate, a second-generation bisphosphonate, has been used to treat osteoporosis in children. This study(More)
BACKGROUND The identification and characterization of the gene, ERRFI1, in diabetes has not been reported. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between ERRFI1 polymorphism and characteristics of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Korea. SUBJECTS AND METHODS We conduct a case-control study involving T2DM patients (n=342) and controls (n=473). (More)
A partially covered self-expandable metallic stent (PCSEMS) is of proven benefit in palliation of unresectable or inoperable malignant gastric outlet obstruction. However, its use in patients with benign anastomotic stricture after laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) is not well established. Patients who between May 2007 and June 2012 underwent PCSEMS(More)
We describe a 47-year-old woman with severe coronary vasospasm induced by hyperthyroidism. The patient complained of anginal chest pain without specific characteristics of thyrotoxicosis. Coronary arteriography was performed and revealed 90% stenosis of both the left and right coronary os. She was treated with emergent coronary artery bypass graft surgery.(More)
A nationwide survey was conducted to clarify the clinical features and outcomes of Korean children with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH). Korea Histiocytosis Working Party analyzed the data of 603 patients who were diagnosed with LCH between 1986 and 2010 from 28 institutions in Korea. Median age at diagnosis was 65 months (range, 0 to 276 mo). Bone was(More)
Ginseng has been used as an herbal medicine, widely used in Asian countries, for long time. Recently, beneficial effects for immune functions of Korean red ginseng (KRG) have been reported in adults. This study was performed to investigate the effects of ginseng on immune functions in children after cessation of chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation for(More)
Many diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies have reported an association between corticospinal tract (CST) injury and motor dysfunction. In this study, we investigated CST recovery in 29 pediatric patients with clinical hemiplegia using DTI. We measured the fractional anisotropy (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and asymmetric anisotropy (AA) of(More)
In this paper, a new high-speed real-time network, PICNET(Plant Instrumentation and Control NETwork)+ is proposed. It is implemented as the control network of KNX-5, the DCS(Distributed Control System) for the nuclear power plant. Existing fieldbuses could not accommodate increasing data quantity and decreasing control period, and present broadband networks(More)
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disorder that may present with various clinical manifestations of hyperthyroidism. Patients with Graves' disease have a greater number of thyroid nodules and a higher incidence of thyroid cancer compared with patients with normal thyroid activity. However, cases in which patients are diagnosed with recurrence of Graves'(More)