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Despite growing interest and a recent surge in papers, the role of autophagy in glucose and lipid metabolism is unclear. We produced mice with skeletal muscle-specific deletion of Atg7 (encoding autophagy-related 7). Unexpectedly, these mice showed decreased fat mass and were protected from diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance; this phenotype was(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to investigate the functional brain anatomy associated with verbal and visual working memory, functional magnetic resonance imaging was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS In ten normal right handed subjects, functional MR images were obtained using a 1.5-T MR scanner and the EPI BOLD technique. An item recognition task was used for(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the radiographic and MR appearance of idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip. MATERIALS AND METHODS Radiographs and MR images of 15 patients with idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis of the hip were assessed. The former were analysed in terms of the presence of 1) juxta-articular calcified and/ or ossified bodies, 2)(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has become a useful tool for the estimation of occupational exposure to manganese (Mn). However, validity of signal indices on T1-weighted imaging, a proxy measurement of T1 relaxation time shortening due to Mn deposition, needs to be evaluated in an occupationally exposed population. We performed MR imaging on 20 male(More)
c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) is activated by cellular stress and plays critical roles in diverse types of cell death. However, role of JNK in beta-cell injury is obscure. We investigated the role for JNK in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced beta-cell death. STZ induced JNK activation in insulinoma or islet cells. JNK inhibitors attenuated insulinoma or islet(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify the optimal pulse sequence for ferumoxides-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the detection of hepatocelluar carcinomas (HCCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS Sixteen patients with 25 HCCs underwent MR imaging following intravenous infusion of ferumoxides. All MR studies were performed on a 1.5-T MR system, using a phased-array coil.(More)
We report here on the diffusion-weighted imaging of unusual white matter lesions in a case of Menkes disease. On the initial MR imaging, the white matter lesions were localized in the deep periventricular white matter in the absence of diffuse cortical atrophy. The lesion showed diffuse high signal on the diffusion-weighted images and diffuse progression(More)
INTRODUCTION Pyogenic intraventricular empyema (PIE) is a potentially fatal CNS infection. However, it is sometimes difficult to diagnose PIE on the basis of clinical and conventional MRI findings. Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) has been accepted as a useful MR sequence for the diagnosis of various intracranial infections. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Until now, there has been no study on the relationship between the calcification of the lower extremity arteries and significant coronary arterial disease (CAD). OBJECTIVES To evaluate whether lower extremity calcium scores (LECS) are associated with CAD and whether this can predict multivessel-CAD in patients with peripheral arterial disease(More)
Unresectable cholangiocarcinoma is poorly responded to chemotherapy, especially for the case refractory to gemcitabine and cisplatin. Here, we tested whether high expression of thymidine phosphorylase (TP) can be a predictive biomarker for the indicator for gemcitabine and doxifluridine combination chemotherapy in the cholangiocarcinoma refractory to(More)