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Although it has been demonstrated that p21WAF1/Cip1 could be induced by transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) in a Smad-dependent manner, the cross-talk of Smad signaling pathway with other signaling pathways still remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated a possible role of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-ERK pathway in TGF-beta1 induction(More)
The embryonic stem cell-like gene expression signature has been shown to be associated with poorly differentiated aggressive human tumors and has attracted great attention as a potential target for future cancer therapies. Here, we investigate the potential of the embryonic stem cell signature as molecular target for the therapy and the strategy to suppress(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive phospholipids and involves in various cellular events, including tumor cell migration. In the present study, we investigated LPA receptor and its transactivation to EGFR for cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and cell migration in CAOV-3 ovarian cancer cells. LPA induced COX-2 expression in a dose-dependent(More)
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a biolipid that stimulates tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In this report, we determined the role of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and the effect of a chemopreventive agent, curcumin, on LPA-induced ovarian cancer cell motility. LPA phosphorylated STAT3 in a dose-dependent manner. Treatment(More)
We show that a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor apicidin increases the transcriptional activity of cyclin E gene, which results in accumulation of cyclin E mRNA and protein in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Interestingly, apicidin induction of cyclin E gene is found to be mediated by Sp1- rather than E2F-binding sites in the cyclin E promoter, as(More)
Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB transcription factors play an evolutionarily conserved and critical role in the triggering and coordination of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Therefore, there is intense interest in understanding the regulation of this transcription factor in the context of various diseases. Studies investigated the suppression(More)
Practical application of animal cloning by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been hampered by an extremely low success rate. To address whether placental dysfunction in SCNT causes fetal loss during pregnancy, we have used a global proteomics approach using 2-DE and MS to analyze the differential protein patterns of three placentae from the(More)
The molecular mechanism underlying the suppression of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma)-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin (PG) E(2) production was investigated in RAW 264.7 macrophages treated with sesquiterpene lactones, zaluzanin-C and estafiatone, isolated from Ainsliaea. Zaluzanin-C and estafiatone decreased NO production(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the pluripotency of embryonic stem (ES) cells, their clinical applications have been hindered due to the lack of reliable differentiation methods. Recently, it was shown that Noggin could effectively induce cardiomyocyte differentiation by transient treatment of ES cells. METHODS To determine how Noggin may induce cardiac(More)
Copy number changes and DNA methylation alterations are crucial to gene regulation in mammals. Recently, a number of microarray studies have been based on copy number and DNA methylation alterations in order to find clinical biomarkers of carcinogenesis. In this study, we attempted to combine profiles of copy number and methylation patterns in four human(More)