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Transgenic mud loaches (Misgurnus mizolepis), in which the entire transgene originated from the same species, have been generated by microinjecting the mud loach growth hormone (mlGH) gene fused to the mud loach β-actin promoter. Out of 4,100 eggs injected, 7.5% fish derived from the injected eggs showed dramatically accelerated growth, with a maximum of(More)
As a part of our effort to obtain a strong regulatory element for the construction of an autogenic mud loach transgenic vector, we isolated a genomic clone that contains an open reading frame encoding the β-actin gene, then examined the transcriptional activity of the upstream sequences, including the first intron, in transiently transfected cell lines. It(More)
Cysteine proteases are present in all living organisms and, in animals, function in a vast array of physiological and pathological processes. Cysteine protease inhibitors act upon the cysteine proteases to regulate their activity. The cystatin superfamily of cysteine protease inhibitors has members represented in all living organisms studied to date. Here,(More)
Protease nexin-1 (PN-1) is a serine protease inhibitor (SERPIN) protein with functional roles in growth, development, patho-physiology and injury. Here, we report our work to clone, analyze the expression profile and characterize the properties of the PN-1 gene in rock bream (Rb), Oplegnathus fasciatus. RbPN-1 encodes a peptide of 397 amino acids (AA) with(More)
Angiotensinogen (AGT) is the precursor of the renin-angiotensin system and contributes to osmoregulation, acute-phase and immune responses. A full-length cDNA of the AGT (2004 bp with a 1389 bp coding region) was isolated from rock bream (Rb), Oplegnathus fasciatus. The encoded polypeptide of 463 amino acids had a predicted molecular mass of 51.6 kDa. RbAGT(More)
Carboxypeptidases (CPs) are proteases that hydrolyze C-terminal peptide bonds. They are involved in regulating the complement system of the immune system. Here, we report the molecular characterization and immune response of two carboxypeptidases, named carboxypeptidase A (Rb-CPA) and carboxypeptidase N1 (Rb-CPN1), from rock bream. The genomic sequence of(More)
Apoptosis plays a key role in the physiology of multicellular organisms and is regulated by different promoting and inhibitory mechanisms. Cytokine-induced apoptotic inhibitor (CIAPI) was recently identified as a key factor involved in apoptosis inhibition in higher vertebrate lineages. However, most of the CIAPIs of lower vertebrate species are yet to be(More)
The shortnose sturgeon Acipenser brevirostrum was revealed to have a larger number of chromosomes than previously reported for other sturgeon species. Its chromosome number ranged from 362 to 372 (of ten specimens examined), showing intraindividual variation. The karyotype of metaphase with the highest chromosome number (372) consisted of 89 pairs of(More)
Interleukin 1β (IL-1β) and interleukin 8 (IL-8) are two major pro-inflammatory cytokines which play a central role in initiation of inflammatory responses against bacterial- and viral-infections. IL-1β is a member of the interleukin 1 family proteins and IL-8 is classified as a CXC-chemokine. In the current study, putative IL-1β and IL-8 counterparts were(More)
Serine proteases and their inhibitors play vital roles in diverse biological processes. In this study, we identified and characterized cDNA coding for a Kunitz-type serine protease inhibitor (SPI), which we designated as RbKSPI, in a commercially important species, rock bream. The full-length cDNA sequence of RbKSPI consisted of 2452 bp with an open reading(More)