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Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound in red wine that has anti-oxidant and cardioprotective effects in animal models. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) play key roles in foam cell formation and atherosclerosis. We studied LPS-mediated foam cell formation and the effect of resveratrol. Resveratrol pretreatment(More)
BACKGROUND Sensing and responding to environmental changes is a central aspect of cell division regulation. Mycobacterium tuberculosis contains eleven Ser/Thr kinases, two of which, PknA and PknB, are key signaling molecules that regulate cell division/morphology. One substrate of these kinases is Wag31, and we previously showed that partial depletion of(More)
PURPOSE It has been reported that the overexpression of the excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) gene, which is essential for the repair of cisplatin (CDDP)-DNA adducts, negatively influences the effectiveness of CDDP-based therapy for primary gastric cancer. We investigated whether the ERCC1 expression was associated with survival for gastric(More)
PURPOSE A subset of patients with adenocarcinoma of the lung who had never smoked cigarettes showed excellent tumor responses to gefitinib therapy. To evaluate the efficacy of gefitinib as a first-line therapy in this subgroup of patients, we conducted a phase II study. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eligible patients had no smoking history, stage IIIB or IV(More)
Toxin-antitoxin systems, ubiquitous in prokaryotic genomes, have been proposed to play an important role in several stress responses. While Mycobacterium tuberculosis contains more than 80 putative TA loci, the roles they play in this pathogen are yet to be studied. Here, we characterize a chromosomal Rv1102c-Rv1103c TA system in M. tuberculosis. We found(More)
BACKGROUND Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) generates severe postoperative pain in 60% of patients and moderate pain in 30% of patients. Because inadequate postoperative pain control can hinder early physiotherapy and rehabilitation, it is the most influential factor dictating a good outcome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of(More)
Recent ultrasound imaging evidence asserts that the diaphragm is an important multifunctional muscle to control breathing as well as stabilize the core and posture in humans. However, the validity and accuracy of ultrasound for the measurement of dynamic diaphragm movements during breathing and functional core activities have not been determined. The(More)
We evaluated whether ribonucleotide reductase regulatory subunit M1 (RRM1) protein expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a predictor of survival and response in gemcitabine-treated, advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We retrospectively collected 40 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded NSCLC tissues to investigate the protein expression of RRM1(More)
BACKGROUND Irinotecan (1) and cisplatin (P) are active chemotherapy agents with clinical synergy in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We evaluated the efficacy of IP regimen as a salvage treatment of patients with NSCLC that progressed after nonplatinum-containing regimen(s). METHODS Eligibility required histologically confirmed NSCLC, bidimensionally(More)
OBJECTIVE The effectiveness of capecitabine, an oral fluoropyrimidine carbamate, is well documented in previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer patients (overall response rate: 25%). However, its efficacy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer refractory to 5-fluorouracil/leucovorin (5-FU/LV) has not been determined. This study was performed(More)