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OBJECTIVE The prefrontal-parietal circuits have been reported to play an important role in working memory. The purpose of this study was to use direct neuroimaging to address whether interregional correlation in the prefrontal-parietal circuits is impaired in schizophrenia. METHOD [(15)O]H(2)O positron emission tomography was used to compare regional(More)
White matter (WM) abnormalities in schizophrenia may offer important clues to a better understanding of the disconnectivity associated with the disorder. The aim of this study was to elucidate a WM basis of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia through the simultaneous investigation of WM tract integrity and WM density. Diffusion tensor images (DTIs) and(More)
To explore the morphological aspects of the functional reorganization of the blind's visual cortex, we analyzed the regional cortical thickness and cortical surface area in the congenitally blind subjects (CB) compared to the late-onset blind (LB) and sighted controls (SC). Cortical thickness was calculated from high-resolution T1-weighted magnetic(More)
We developed age, gender and ethnic specific brain templates based on MR and Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) images of Korean normal volunteers. Seventy-eight normal right-handed volunteers (M/F=49/29) underwent 3D T1-weighted SPGR MR and F-18-FDG PET scans. For the generation of standard templates, an optimal target brain that has the average global(More)
Verbal working memory plays a significant role in language comprehension and problem-solving. The prefrontal cortex has been suggested as a critical area in working memory. Given that domain-specific dissociations of working memory may exist within the prefrontal cortex, it is possible that there may also be further functional divisions within the verbal(More)
Compassion is one of the essential components which enable individuals to enter into and maintain relationships of caring. Compassion tends to motivate us to help people who are emotionally suffering. It is also known that a feeling of intrinsic reward may occur as a result of experiencing compassion for others. We conducted this study to understand the(More)
A number of ophiostomatoid fungi were isolated from the spruce-infesting bark beetle, Ips perturbatus and its galleries collected from felled spruce trees and logs in northern BC and the Yukon Territory. Isolates were identified to species using morphological characteristics, nuclear ribosomal DNA and partial beta-tubulin gene sequences. Thirteen(More)
Patients with schizophrenia exhibit deficits in semantic processing, which can form the basis of thought disorders. The objective of this study was to explore functional connectivity between the activated areas during semantic processing in schizophrenia. Twelve patients with schizophrenia and 12 healthy controls were studied with [15O]H2O positron-emission(More)
The current study is a preliminary test of a virtual reality (VR) anxiety-provoking tool using a sample of participants with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The tasks were administrated to 33 participants with OCD and 30 healthy control participants. In the VR task, participants navigated through a virtual environment using a joystick and head-mounted(More)