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Multicasting can be an effective routing service in wireless mesh networks (WMNs), which have gained significant acceptance in recent years due to its potentials of providing a low-cost wireless backhaul service to mobile clients. Many applications in WMNs require efficient and reliable multicast communication, i.e., with high delivery ratio but with less(More)
A microfluidic electroporator operating under a continuous low dc voltage (7 to approximately 15 V) is reported. The proposed electroporation microchip exploits the ionic conductivity of polyelectrolytic gel electrodes to precisely control the electric field that is applied to cells without bubble generation in the microchannel. In this study, pDADMAC (poly(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, the measurement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was recommended as an alternative to fasting plasma glucose or oral glucose tolerance tests for diagnosing diabetes mellitus (DM). In this study, we analyzed HbA1c levels for diabetes mellitus screening in a Korean rural population. METHODS We analyzed data from 10,111 subjects from a(More)
: The Discrete Event System Specification (DEVS) formalism is a framework which supports specification of discrete event models in a hierarchical, modular form. Associated with the formalism is a method which transforms a non-modular model to modular one. The method is a theoretical basis for the exchange of information between heterogeneous simulators(More)
Multicasting can be an useful service in wireless mesh networks (WMNs), which have gained significant acceptance in recent years due to their potentials of providing a low-cost wireless backhaul service to mobile clients. Many applications in WMNs require efficient and reliable multi-cast communication, i.e., with high delivery ratio but with less overhead,(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes is associated with atherogenic risk factors. Hypertension has a major influence on cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is useful for identifying nocturnal hypertension. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a good measure for identifying subclinical atherosclerosis. This study aimed(More)
Substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and isolectin B4 (IB4) are widely used as markers for peripheral neurons with unmyelinated fibers, whereas neurofilament 200 (NF200), and Peripherin are used as markers for neurons with myelinated fibers, and with unmyelinated or small-caliber fibers, respectively. To study the selectivity of these(More)
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is an acute, mostly self-limiting infection. Patients usually recover without any sequelae. However, a few cases are life threatening, especially those caused by enterovirus 71 (EV71). A 12-month-old boy was admitted to a primary hospital with high fever and vesicular lesions of the mouth, hands, and feet. After 3 days,(More)
Bacterium-like particles (BLPs), derived from Lactococcus lactis, offer a self-adjuvanting delivery vehicle for subunit protein vaccines. Proteins can be specifically loaded onto the BLPs via a peptidoglycan anchoring (PA) domain. In this study, the tip proteins IpaD, SipD, and LcrV belonging to type III secretion systems of Shigella flexneri, Salmonella(More)