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Puerarin (daidzein 8-C-glucoside), the most abundant isoflavone in Puerariae radix, is prescribed to treat coronary heart disease, cardiac infarction, problems in ocular blood flow, sudden deafness, and alcoholism. However, puerarin cannot be given by injection due to its low solubility in water. To increase its solubility, puerarin was transglycosylated(More)
In an effort to improve the properties of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) as an antistaling enzyme, error-prone PCR was used to introduce random mutations into a CGTase cloned from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. I-5 (CGTase I-5). A mutant CGTase[3-18] with the three mutations M234T, F259I and V591A was selected by agar plate assay. Sequence alignment of(More)
The enzymatic modification of genistin to enhance its water solubility was studied using two glycosyltransferases, cyclodextrin glucanotransferase from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. I-5 and 4-alpha-glucanotransferase from Thermus scotoductus. Two different catalytic reactions, the transglycosylation and cyclization activities, were observed when the reaction(More)
Wild yeasts on the surface of various fruits including grapes were surveyed to obtain yeast strains suitable for fermenting a novel wine with higher alcohol content and supplemented with rice starch. We considered selected characteristics, such as tolerance to alcohol and osmotic pressure, capability of utilizing maltose, and starch hydrolysis. Among 637(More)
BACKGROUND The maltogenic amylase from Bacillus stearothermophilus (BSMA) is a valuable biocatalyst that has been used to transglycosylate natural glycosides to improve solubility. To ensure safety, BSMA was produced in Bacillus subtilis, using new shuttle vector-based expression vectors. The transglycosylation of puerarin was also conducted with crude BSMA(More)
Ascorbic acid (1), a natural antioxidant, was modified by employing transglycosylation activity of Bacillus stearothermophilus maltogenic amylase with maltotriose and acarbose as donor molecules to enhance its oxidative stability. The transglycosylation reaction with maltotriose as donor created mono- and di-glycosyl transfer products with an(More)
Phytate is an antinutritional factor that influences the bioavailability of essential minerals by forming complexes with them and converting them into insoluble salts. To further our understanding of the chemistry of phytate's binding interactions with biologically important metal cations, we determined the stoichiometry, affinity, and thermodynamics of(More)
A gene encoding a hyperthermostable maltogenic amylase of Staphylothermus marinus (SMMA) was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. SMMA consisted of 696 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 82.5 kDa. The enzyme was active in acidic conditions (pH 3.5-5.0), with an optimal pH of 5.0, and was extremely thermostable, with a temperature(More)
Glycans bearing modified hydroxyl groups are common in biology but because these modifications are added after assembly, enzymes are not available for the transfer and coupling of hydroxyl-modified monosaccharide units. Access to such enzymes could be valuable, particularly if they can also introduce 'bio-orthogonal tags'. Glycosynthases, mutant(More)
A bread-baking process was developed using a potential novel enzyme, cyclodextrin glucanotransferase[3-18] (CGTase[3-18]), that had previously been engineered to have enhanced hydrolyzing activity with little cyclodextrin (CD) formation activity toward starch. CGTase[3-18] was primarily manipulated to be displayed on the cell surface of Saccharomyces(More)