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Wild yeasts on the surface of various fruits including grapes were surveyed to obtain yeast strains suitable for fermenting a novel wine with higher alcohol content and supplemented with rice starch. We considered selected characteristics, such as tolerance to alcohol and osmotic pressure, capability of utilizing maltose, and starch hydrolysis. Among 637(More)
In an effort to improve the properties of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) as an antistaling enzyme, error-prone PCR was used to introduce random mutations into a CGTase cloned from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. I-5 (CGTase I-5). A mutant CGTase[3±18] with the three mutations M234T, F259I and V591A was selected by agar plate assay. Sequence alignment of(More)
The physiological functions of two amylolytic enzymes, a maltogenic amylase (MAase) encoded by yvdF and a debranching enzyme (pullulanase) encoded by amyX, in the carbohydrate metabolism of Bacillus subtilis 168 were investigated using yvdF, amyX, and yvdF amyX mutant strains. An immunolocalization study revealed that YvdF was distributed on both sides of(More)
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