Jae-Hoon Shim

Learn More
We enzymatically modified rice starch to produce highly branched amylopectin and amylose and analyzed the resulting structural changes. To prepare the highly branched amylopectin cluster (HBAPC), we first treated waxy rice starch with Thermus scotoductus alpha-glucanotransferase (TSalphaGT), followed by treatment with Bacillus stearothermophilus maltogenic(More)
Puerarin (daidzein 8-C-glucoside), the most abundant isoflavone in Puerariae radix, is prescribed to treat coronary heart disease, cardiac infarction, problems in ocular blood flow, sudden deafness, and alcoholism. However, puerarin cannot be given by injection due to its low solubility in water. To increase its solubility, puerarin was transglycosylated(More)
To elucidate the relationship between the substrate size and geometric shape of the catalytic site of Thermus maltogenic amylase, Gly50, Asp109, and Val431, located at the interface of the dimer, were replaced with bulky amino acids. The k(cat)/K(m) value of the mutant for amylose increased significantly, whereas that for amylopectin decreased as compared(More)
In an effort to improve the properties of cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) as an antistaling enzyme, error-prone PCR was used to introduce random mutations into a CGTase cloned from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. I-5 (CGTase I-5). A mutant CGTase[3-18] with the three mutations M234T, F259I and V591A was selected by agar plate assay. Sequence alignment of(More)
Ascorbic acid (1), a natural antioxidant, was modified by employing transglycosylation activity of Bacillus stearothermophilus maltogenic amylase with maltotriose and acarbose as donor molecules to enhance its oxidative stability. The transglycosylation reaction with maltotriose as donor created mono- and di-glycosyl transfer products with an(More)
A gene encoding a hyperthermostable maltogenic amylase of Staphylothermus marinus (SMMA) was cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. SMMA consisted of 696 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 82.5 kDa. The enzyme was active in acidic conditions (pH 3.5-5.0), with an optimal pH of 5.0, and was extremely thermostable, with a temperature(More)
Glycans bearing modified hydroxyl groups are common in biology but because these modifications are added after assembly, enzymes are not available for the transfer and coupling of hydroxyl-modified monosaccharide units. Access to such enzymes could be valuable, particularly if they can also introduce 'bio-orthogonal tags'. Glycosynthases, mutant(More)
The enzymatic modification of genistin to enhance its water solubility was studied using two glycosyltransferases, cyclodextrin glucanotransferase from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. I-5 and 4-alpha-glucanotransferase from Thermus scotoductus. Two different catalytic reactions, the transglycosylation and cyclization activities, were observed when the reaction(More)
Wild yeasts on the surface of various fruits including grapes were surveyed to obtain yeast strains suitable for fermenting a novel wine with higher alcohol content and supplemented with rice starch. We considered selected characteristics, such as tolerance to alcohol and osmotic pressure, capability of utilizing maltose, and starch hydrolysis. Among 637(More)
The physiological functions of two amylolytic enzymes, a maltogenic amylase (MAase) encoded by yvdF and a debranching enzyme (pullulanase) encoded by amyX, in the carbohydrate metabolism of Bacillus subtilis 168 were investigated using yvdF, amyX, and yvdF amyX mutant strains. An immunolocalization study revealed that YvdF was distributed on both sides of(More)