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Three known isoquinoline alkaloids were isolated from the chloroform-soluble fraction of the methanolic extract of the aerial parts of Corydalis incisa (Papaveraceae) through repeated column chromatography. Their chemical structures were elucidated as corynoline (1), corynoloxine (2) and 6-oxocorynoline (3) using spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1-3(More)
A new (3) and three known germacrane-type sesquiterpenoids were isolated from the chloroform-soluble fraction of the methanolic extract of the bark of Magnolia kobus (Magnoliaceae) through repeated silica gel and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Their chemical structures were elucidated as costunolide (1), parthenolide (2), isobisparthenolidine (3),(More)
With the goal of developing Alzheimer's disease therapeutics, we have designed and synthesized new piperidine derivatives having dual action of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) aggregation inhibition. For binding with the catalytic site of AChE, an ester with aromatic group was designed, and for the peripheral site, another(More)
In a bioassay-guided search for acetylcholinesterase inhibitors from Korean natural resources, four isoquinoline alkaloids, corynoxidine (1), protopine (2), palmatine (3), and berberine (4) have been isolated from the methanolic extract of the aerial parts of Corydalis speciosa. Structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic(More)
Five compounds were isolated from the chloroform-soluble fraction of the methanolic extract of the dried rhizomes of Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae) through repeated column chromatography. Their chemical structures were elucidated as 4-, 6-, 8-, and 10-gingerols, and 6-shogaol using spectroscopic analysis. Among the five isolated compounds, 6-shogaol(More)
In the course of finding Korean natural products for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity, we found that a methanolic extract of the roots of Angelica dahurica showed significant inhibitory effects on AChE. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanolic extract resulted in the isolation of three furanocoumarins, isoimperatorin (1), imperatorin(More)
In the course of finding Korean natural products with acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity, we found that a methanolic extract of the twigs of Vaccinium oldhami significantly inhibited AChE. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanolic extract resulted in the isolation of two compounds, taraxerol (1) and scopoletin (2), as active constituents.(More)
We have isolated a new prenylated chalcone from the roots of Sophora flavescens (Leguminosae). We determined that structure of this compound is 7,9,2',4'-tetrahydroxy-8-isopentenyl-5-methoxychalcone (1) on the basis of spectroscopic analysis (1D and 2D NMR data). Compound 1 exhibited potent cytotoxicity against human acute promyelocytic (HL60), mouse(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by inflammatory and dysregulatory immune responses including overactive B cells, overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines, and T cell hyperactivity. PGE(2) modulates a variety of immune processes at sites of inflammation, including production of inflammatory cytokines. However, the role of PGE(2) in(More)
The methanolic extract of the aerial parts of Centipeda minima was found to show inhibitory activity on farnesyl protein transferase (FPTase). Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanolic extract resulted in the isolation of 6-O-angeloylprenolin, as an inhibitor on FPTase. This compound inhibited FPTase activity in a dose-dependent manner, and the IC50(More)