Jae Du Chung

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Early during endospore formation in the bacterium Bacillus subtilis, two distinct cell types are formed. The initiation of this developmental pathway requires several physiological conditions (e.g., nutrient deprivation) and is controlled by the Spo0A transcription factor. We have found that in a culture of sporulating cells, there are two subpopulations,(More)
Using a flow cytometry-based technique for detecting p-galactosidase. lacZ fusions have been used to study the pattern of gene expression exhibited by stationary phase cultures of Bacillus subtilis that have initiated the developmental pathway of spore formation. We have found that within such cultures there exist two distinct cell types: one that has(More)
We report on 1) the development of a flow cytometry-based technique for detecting beta-galactosidase in differentiating cultures of Bacillus subtilis and 2) the application of this technique in the study of early developmental gene expression. The problems associated with generating detectable signals (despite the small size of B. subtilis cells) have been(More)
Cultures of the CRL-1606 hybridoma (ATCC) have been reported to undergo continuous proliferation with simultaneous death during nutrient limited fed-batch fermentations. The bcl-2 proto-oncogene has been shown to prevent cell death under a variety of otherwise death inducing conditions. We were interested in elucidating the nature of the massive death(More)
Sp2/0 hybridoma cells die principally by apoptosis in batch culture. We have found that cultures of the Sp2/0 hybridoma exhibit increased viability in response to interleukin 6 (IL-6) supplementation relative to control cultures during serum shiftdown experiments. When shifted from a medium containing 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) to a medium with 1% FBS,(More)
The effect of environmental and genetic parameters on cell death was studied in Chinese hamster ovary cell cultures. Experiments were performed using an anchorage-dependent CHO cell line expressing gamma-IFN, and a second cell line obtained by transfection of the previous one with bcl-2. In serum-free medium the two cell lines showed a considerable degree(More)
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