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OBJECTIVE Remote cerebellar hemorrhage (RCH) is one of the rare complications occurring after supratentorial surgery, and its pathomechanism is poorly understood. We report 10 cases of RCH from our institution and review 154 cases from a database in order to delineate incidence, common presentation, risk factors, and outcomes of this complication. In(More)
BACKGROUND We performed a comparative study of the retrogasserian zone (RGZ) with the dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) target to determine effective gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) technique in patients with medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia (TN). METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the records of 39 patients with refractory TN undergoing GKRS(More)
A case of large aneurysm arising from the distal end of an azygous A2 segment is presented. Multiple clip application inadvertently tore the aneurysmal neck, resulting in near avulsion of a right pericallosal artery origin. After an unsuccessful attempt to repair the avulsion, it was treated by occlusion of the origin of the pericallosal artery and an A4-A4(More)
OBJECT For oculomotor nerve palsy (ONP) induced by unruptured posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms, the authors performed surgical clipping via a superciliary keyhole approach as an optimal treatment modality with high efficiency and low invasiveness. In this study, they then evaluated the technical feasibility, safety, clinical outcomes,(More)
OBJECTIVE External ventricular drain (EVD) is commonly performed with a freehand technique using surface anatomical landmarks at two different cranial sites, Kocher's point and the forehead. The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the accuracy and safety of these percutaneous ventriculostomies. METHODS A retrospectively review of medical records(More)
OBJECTIVE A superciliary keyhole approach is an attractive, minimally invasive surgical technique, yet the procedure is limited due to a small cranial opening. Nonetheless, an unruptured supraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm can be an optimal surgical target of a superciliary approach as it is located in the center of the surgical view and(More)
OBJECTIVE In order to assess the incidence of thromboembolic events and their clinical presentations, the present study prospectively examined routine brain magnetic resonance images (MRI) taken within 48 hours after a coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms. METHODS From January 2006 to January 2008, 163 cases of coil embolization of cerebral aneurysm(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical exposure of the upper cervical spine is challenging, and optima approaches are subjects of debate. The high anterior cervical approach to the upper cervical spine is a favorable method that provides direct and wide exposure for fusion and anterior decompression of the upper cervical spine. The authors present their experiences with 15(More)
Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in cerebral vascular endothelium induced by ischemic insult triggers leukocyte infiltration and inflammatory reaction. We investigated the mechanism of hypothermic suppression of ICAM-1 in a model of focal cerebral ischemia. Rats underwent 2 hours of middle cerebral artery occlusion and were kept at 37°C or 33°C(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated olfactory dysfunction after using a contralateral or ipsilateral pterional approach for anterior circulation aneurysms and related risk factors. METHODS This study included 189 patients who experienced an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and in whom a pterional approach was used, including a contralateral pterional(More)