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Berberine has been shown to have antidiabetic properties, although its mode of action is not known. Here, we have investigated the metabolic effects of berberine in two animal models of insulin resistance and in insulin-responsive cell lines. Berberine reduced body weight and caused a significant improvement in glucose tolerance without altering food intake(More)
Berberine (BBR) has been shown to improve several metabolic disorders, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, and dyslipidemia, by stimulating AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). However, the effects of BBR on proinflammatory responses in macrophages are poorly understood. Here we show that BBR represses proinflammatory responses through AMPK activation in(More)
microRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding small RNAs regulating gene expression, cell growth, and differentiation. Although several miRNAs have been implicated in cell growth and differentiation, it is barely understood their roles in adipocyte differentiation. In the present study, we reveal that miR-27a is involved in adipocyte differentiation by binding to the(More)
DNA-binding proteins containing the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) domain have been implicated in lineage determination and the regulation of specific gene expression in a number of cell types. By oligonucleotide screening of an adipocyte cDNA expression library, we have identified a novel member of the bHLH-leucine zipper transcription factor family(More)
Adipocyte determination and differentiation-dependent factor 1 (ADD1) is a member of the basic helix-loop-helix leucine zipper (bHLH-LZ) family of transcription factors that binds to two distinct DNA sequences and has been associated with both adipocyte development and cholesterol homeostasis (where it has been termed SREBP1). To investigate the biological(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a nuclear receptor implicated in adipocyte differentiation and insulin sensitivity. We investigated whether PPARgamma expression is dependent on the activity of adipocyte differentiation and determination factor 1/sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 (ADD-1/SREBP-1), another(More)
The ability to regulate specific genes of energy metabolism in response to fasting and feeding is an important adaptation allowing survival of intermittent food supplies. However, little is known about transcription factors involved in such responses in higher organisms. We show here that gene expression in adipose tissue for adipocyte determination(More)
The cardiac conduction system is an anatomically discrete segment of specialized myocardium that initiates and propagates electrical impulses to coordinate myocardial contraction. To define the molecular composition of the mouse ventricular conduction system we used microdissection and transcriptional profiling by serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE).(More)
BACKGROUND Evolocumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels in phase 2 studies. We conducted a phase 3 trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 52 weeks of treatment with evolocumab. METHODS We stratified patients with(More)
We previously identified stearoyl-CoA desaturase 2 (SCD2) as a new member of the family of genes that are transcriptionally regulated in response to changing levels of nuclear sterol regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) or adipocyte determination and differentiation factor 1 (ADD1). A novel sterol regulatory element (SRE) (5'-AGCAGATTGTG-3')(More)