Learn More
The aim of the present study was to find out whether blockade of adenosine A(2A) receptors by a selective antagonist, SCH 58261, influenced parkinsonian-like muscle rigidity. Muscle tone was examined using a combined mechano- and electromyographic method which simultaneously measured muscle resistance (MMG) of a rat hindfoot to passive extension and flexion(More)
In rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway, administration of the A2a adenosine antagonist SCH 58261 alone did not induce any motor asymmetry but strongly potentiated the contralateral turning behaviour induced by the dopamine D1 agonist SKF 38393. SCH 58261 also increased the number of Fos-like positive(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of 3-month administration of haloperidol (1 mg/kg per day) and clozapine (30 mg/kg per day) in drinking water on cortical NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartate) receptors in rats. On day 5 of withdrawal, the animals were killed and their brains were removed. The binding of [3H]MK-801(More)
It has recently been postulated that disturbances in glutamatergic neurotransmission may contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Therefore the aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of glutamate NMDA and group II metabotropic receptors in the antipsychotic drug action. To this aim the influence of some well-known neuroleptics on(More)
Thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of peroxisome proliferator receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonists display neuroprotective effects in experimental Parkinson's disease (PD) models. Neurons and microglia express PPAR-γ, therefore both of them are potential targets for neuroprotection, although the role of each cell type is not clear. Moreover, receptor-dependent as(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of the long-term paraquat administration on the dopaminergic nigrostriatal system in rats. Paraquat was injected at a dose of 10 mg/kg i.p. for 4-24 weeks. We found that this pesticide reduced the number of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons of the substantia nigra; after the 4-week(More)
 The primary cause of Parkinson's disease is a loss of dopamine in the corpus striatum. It has been postulated that this effect leads to disinhibition of the striopallidal pathway and secondarily, to a functional shift towards glutamatergic stimulation. The aim of the present study was to find out whether inhibition of glutamatergic transmission at a level(More)
The induction of the early-gene c-fos after administration of the adenosine A2a receptor agonist CGS 21680, was studied in the striatum of normal rats or in rats with a unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesion of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal neurons. CGS 21680 (2.25 mg/kg) induces c-fos expression in the 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned striatum, while up to 40(More)
The aim of the study was to find out whether the reserpine-induced rigidity is similar to that seen in parkinsonism. Simultaneous measurements of the muscle resistance of the hind foot to passive bending and stretching in the ankle joint, as well as of the electromyographic (EMG) activity of the gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles of rats were(More)
The most effective treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is, at present, the dopamine precursor L-3,4-dihydroxyphenyl-alanine (L-DOPA), however a number of disadvantages such as a loss of drug efficacy and severe side-effects (psychoses, dyskinesias and on-off phenomena) limit long-term, effective utilisation of this drug. Recent experimental studies in(More)