Jadwiga Wardas

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Group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are widely distributed in the basal ganglia, especially on the terminals of pathways which seem to be overactive in Parkinson's disease. The aim of the present study was to determine whether (1S,3R,4S)-1-aminocyclo-pentane-1,3,4-tricarboxylic acid (ACPT-1), an agonist of group III mGluRs, injected(More)
The aim of the present study was to find out whether blockade of adenosine A(2A) receptors by a selective antagonist, SCH 58261, influenced parkinsonian-like muscle rigidity. Muscle tone was examined using a combined mechano- and electromyographic method which simultaneously measured muscle resistance (MMG) of a rat hindfoot to passive extension and flexion(More)
Thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of peroxisome proliferator receptor gamma (PPAR-γ) agonists display neuroprotective effects in experimental Parkinson's disease (PD) models. Neurons and microglia express PPAR-γ, therefore both of them are potential targets for neuroprotection, although the role of each cell type is not clear. Moreover, receptor-dependent as(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of the long-term paraquat administration on the dopaminergic nigrostriatal system in rats. Paraquat was injected at a dose of 10 mg/kg i.p. for 4-24 weeks. We found that this pesticide reduced the number of tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive neurons of the substantia nigra; after the 4-week(More)
It has recently been postulated that disturbances in glutamatergic neurotransmission may contribute to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Therefore the aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of glutamate NMDA and group II metabotropic receptors in the antipsychotic drug action. To this aim the influence of some well-known neuroleptics on(More)
In rats with unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine lesions of the dopaminergic nigrostriatal pathway, administration of the A2a adenosine antagonist SCH 58261 alone did not induce any motor asymmetry but strongly potentiated the contralateral turning behaviour induced by the dopamine D1 agonist SKF 38393. SCH 58261 also increased the number of Fos-like positive(More)
It is well established that in the CNS, endogenous adenosine plays a pivotal role in neurodegeneration. A low, nanomolar concentration of adenosine is normally present in the extracellular fluid, but it increases dramatically during enhanced nerve activity, hypoxia or ischemia. In these pathological conditions, adenosinergic transmission-potentiating(More)
Neuroinflammatory changes play a pivotal role in the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD) pathogenesis. Recent findings have suggested that activated microglia may polarize similarly to peripheral macrophages in the central nervous system (CNS), assuming a pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype or the alternative anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype via cytokine(More)
Impairment of the ubiquitin-proteasome system, responsible for clearing of misfolded and unwanted proteins, has been implicated in the loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons characteristic of Parkinson's disease (PD). Recently, proteasome inhibitors have been used to model parkinsonian-like changes in animals. In the present study, the effects of(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of 3-month administration of haloperidol (1 mg/kg per day) and clozapine (30 mg/kg per day) in drinking water on cortical NMDA (N-methyl-d-aspartate) receptors in rats. On day 5 of withdrawal, the animals were killed and their brains were removed. The binding of [3H]MK-801(More)