Jadrien Young

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We studied the distribution of pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor (PSTI) in the epithelia of the gastrointestinal tract and determined whether PSTI is secreted into gastric juice. PSTI was measured by a specific radioimmunoassay in biopsy specimens taken from the upper (n = 8) and lower (n = 7) gastrointestinal tract of patients with normal endoscopies.(More)
The bone, liver, and kidney isozyme of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) has been measured in MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells after treatment with ascorbic acid (AA) and/or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3]. Both compounds were required to achieve maximum ALP activity. When grown in the absence of 1,25-(OH)2D3 cells had low basal ALP activity regardless of(More)
Culture conditions affect the binding activity, charge heterogeneity, conformational stability, glycosylation, and pharmacokinetics of human monoclonal IgM HMAB-10058. The 10058 human/human/murine trioma was grown in serum-free airlift suspension culture, hollow fiber perfusion culture, or in nude mouse ascites. The ascites-produced antibody showed reduced(More)
Human neutrophils stimulated with phorbol myristate acetate were able to destroy suspensions or monolayers of cultured human endothelial cells. Neutrophil-mediated cytotoxicity was related to phorbol myristate acetate concentration, time of incubation and neutrophil number. Cytolysis was prevented by the addition of catalase, while superoxide dismutase had(More)
Mortality during the first several days of pneumococcal pneumonia has not decreased appreciably over the past 30 years, despite the widespread use of antibiotics. Disruption of the alveolar epithelial barrier is likely an initial step in the pathogenesis of pneumococcal pneumonia. We report that soluble factors from Streptococcus pneumoniae can directly(More)
Using the isolated rat kidney perfused with an artificial medium containing glucose as the sole fuel, we studied the renal handling of immunoreactive arginine vasopressin (AVP) and determined the effect of various factors on the ability of the kidney to remove AVP. In control kidneys perfused with AVP at concentrations below 116 muU/ml, the organ clearance(More)
Intratracheal instillation of perfluorochemical (PFC) liquids enhances lung epithelial transgene expression by improved vector propulsion throughout lung airways. We now demonstrate that PFC liquids also facilitate gene transfer by increasing transepithelial permeability. Apical application of PFC liquid to well-differentiated human airway epithelial cells(More)
A marked decrease in activity of ornithine decarboxylase in thymus and spleen occurs soon after treatment of rats with a glucocorticoid. In the present study, evidence was obtained that extracts of these tissues prepared 5 h after administration of dexamethasone, when the enzyme activity is very low, contain an inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase. The(More)
The uptake of cyclophosphamide (CTX) and its metabolites was evaluated by injecting adult female rats with 14C-CTX on the morning of metestrous or proestrus. Rats were sacrificed 1 and 5 hours after 14C-CTX injection. The ovary, uterus, spleen, thymus, liver, kidney, anterior pituitary, duodenum, skeletal muscle and whole blood were isolated from each rat.(More)
Cocaine has been reported to modulate the immune system of experimental animals. Also, we observed that the drug suppresses the phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced proliferation of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) but at concentrations extremely high relative to those seen in the blood of drug abusers. This suggested that cocaine had a(More)