Jad Abdallah

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YhbO is a member of the DJ-1/ThiJ/Pfp1 superfamily, which includes chaperones, peptidases, and the Parkinson's disease protein DJ-1. A yhbO-disrupted mutant of Escherichia coli is highly sensitive to oxidative, thermal, UV, and pH stresses, and the putative nucleophilic cysteine C104 of YhbO is required for stress resistance. These results suggest that YhbO(More)
We cloned, expressed, and purified the Escherichia coli yhbO gene product, which is an amino acid sequence homolog to the Bacillus subtilis general stress protein 18 (the yfkM gene product), the Pyrococcus furiosus intracellular protease PfpI, and the human Parkinson disease protein DJ-1. The gene coding for YhbO was generated by amplifying the yhbO gene(More)
Hsp31, the Escherichia coli hcha gene product, is a molecular chaperone whose activity is inhibited by ATP at high temperature. Its crystal structure reveals a putative Cys(184), His(185), and Asp(213) catalytic triad similar to that of the Pyrococcus horikoshii protease PH1704, suggesting that it should display a proteolytic activity. A preliminary report(More)
Escherichia coli contains two thioredoxins, Trx1 and Trx2, and a thioredoxin-like protein, YbbN, which presents a strong homology in its N-terminal part with thioredoxins, and possesses a 20kDa C-terminal part of unknown function. We reported previously that YbbN displays both protein oxido-reductase and chaperone properties in vitro. In this study, we show(More)
YhbO and YajL belong to the PfpI/Hsp31/DJ-1 superfamily. Both proteins are involved in protection against environmental stresses. Here, we show that, like DJ-1 and Hsp31, they repair glyoxal- and methylglyoxal-glycated proteins. YhbO and YajL repair glycated serum albumin, collagen, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and fructose biphosphate(More)
We cloned, expressed, and purified the hdeB gene product, which belongs to the hdeAB acid stress operon. We extracted HdeB from bacteria by the osmotic-shock procedure and purified it to homogeneity by ion-exchange chromatography and hydroxyapatite chromatography. Its identity was confirmed by mass spectrometry analysis. HdeB has a molecular mass of 10 kDa(More)
We have cloned, purified to homogeneity, and characterized as a molecular chaperone the Escherichia coli YedU protein. The purified protein shows a single band at 31 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gels and forms dimers in solution. Like other chaperones, YedU interacts with unfolded and denatured proteins. It promotes the functional folding of citrate synthase(More)
DJ-1 and its prokaryotic homologs, Hsp31, YhbO and YajL from Escherichia coli and PfpI from Pyrococcus furiosus, repair proteins from glycation by glyoxals (R-CO-CHO), which constitute their major glycating agents. Glycation is a non-enzymatic covalent reaction discovered by Louis Camille Maillard in 1912, between reactive carbonyls (reducing sugars and(More)
We used preS2-S'-beta-galactosidase, a three-domain fusion protein that aggregates extensively at 43 degrees C in the cytoplasm of Escherichia coli, to search for multicopy suppressors of protein aggregation and inclusion body formation and took advantage of the known differential solubility of preS2-S'-beta-galactosidase at 37 and 43 degrees C to develop a(More)
Escherichia coli contains two thioredoxins, Trx1 and Trx2, and a thioredoxin-like protein, YbbN, which presents a strong homology in its N-terminal part with thioredoxin 1 and 2. YbbN, however, does not possess the canonical Cys-x-x-Cys active site of thioredoxins, but instead a Ser-x-x-Cys site. In addition to Cys-38, located in the SxxC site, it contains(More)