Jacques van Dam

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Endosonographic features that are thought to characterize lymph node metastasis were evaluated in 100 patients with esophageal carcinoma. Subjects underwent preoperative endoscopic ultrasonography to assess depth of tumor invasion (T stage) and lymph node metastasis (N stage). Endosonographically imaged lymph nodes were evaluated according to the following(More)
BACKGROUND ERCP has become widely available for the diagnosis and treatment of benign and malignant pancreaticobiliary diseases. In this prospective study, the overall complication rate and risk factors for diagnostic and therapeutic ERCP were identified. METHODS Data were collected prospectively on patient characteristics and endoscopic techniques from(More)
CONTEXT Gastrointestinal stromal tumors of the pancreas are very rare. Only two case reports have been published, both with diagnoses made on surgical pathology. We present the first case of pancreatic stromal tumor diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration. CASE REPORT A 47-year-old male presented with self limited nausea and(More)
BACKGROUND The endoscopically placed enteral stent has emerged as a reasonable alternative to palliative surgery for malignant intestinal obstruction. This is a report of our experience with the use of enteral stents for nonesophageal malignant upper GI obstruction. METHODS Data on all patients who had undergone enteral stent placement were reviewed.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The aim of this study was to assess the potential of 3 spectroscopic techniques (fluorescence, reflectance, and light-scattering spectroscopy) individually and in combination, for evaluating low- and high-grade dysplasia in patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE). METHODS Fluorescence spectra at 11 excitation wavelengths and a reflectance(More)
BACKGROUND Wallstents (Schneider Stent, Inc., USA) used for the palliation of malignant biliary strictures, although associated with prolonged patency, can occlude. There is no consensus regarding the optimal management of Wallstent occlusion. AIMS To evaluate the efficacy of different endoscopic methods for managing biliary Wallstent occlusion. METHODS(More)
Diffuse reflectance spectra were collected from adenomatous colon polyps (cancer precursors) and normal colonic mucosa of patients undergoing colonoscopy. We analyzed the data by using an analytical light diffusion model, which was tested and validated on a physical tissue model composed of polystyrene beads and hemoglobin. Four parameters were obtained:(More)
BACKGROUND Endosonography (EUS) is a valuable technique for diagnosing gastrointestinal stromal cell tumors. However, EUS features that are predictive of malignancy in these tumors have not been defined. METHODS Videotapes and photographs of EUS examinations performed prior to surgical resection of 35 stromal cell tumors (9 malignant) were blindly(More)
Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer is a rare autosomal dominant cancer susceptibility syndrome caused by germline E-cadherin (CDH1) mutations in 40% of cases with a high degree of penetrance. Screening endoscopy has not been useful in identifying early cancer, in part owing to conflicting data concerning site(s) of involvement in the stomach and the lack of(More)
BACKGROUND Endosonography is very accurate for the preoperative staging of esophageal carcinoma. Approximately 20-38% of patients with esophageal carcinoma present with high-grade malignant strictures that preclude passage of the dedicated echoendoscope. In patients with such strictures, endosonographic staging of esophageal tumors may be performed after(More)