Jacques ten Holter

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STUDY DESIGN Anatomic study of the suboccipital region, specifically the deep muscles of the suboccipital triangle, was performed in cadaveric specimens. OBJECTIVE To observe and describe the relationship between the deep suboccipital musculature and the spinal dura. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA A review of the literature revealed no reports describing a(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system, for which no definitive treatment is available. Most patients start with a relapsing-remitting course (RRMS). Disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) reduce relapses and disability progression. First line DMDs include glatiramer acetate (GA),(More)
A sensory disturbance limited to the hand or fingers and the corner of the mouth both on the same side constitutes the cheiro-oral syndrome (COS). Six patients with typical COS are described; in 5 of them a well-circumscribed lesion was found at different brain sites. Although this syndrome was formerly attributed to a parietal or thalamic lesion, a lesion(More)
Enlargement of the calf usually is associated with venous thrombosis, haemorrhage, focal myositis or a tumour in bone or muscle. Occasionally a calf enlargement is due to isolated muscle hypertrophy as a sign of radicular or peripheral nerve injury. Most neurogenic muscle hypertrophy is confined to the calf muscle, but the phenomenon has also been seen in(More)
Hiccups are a common phenomenon but little is known about their pathophysiological mechanism or function. The concept of a hiccup reflex lacks a scientific basis. Closure of the glottis may be caused by an active contraction or by a passive, sudden myoclonic contraction of the inspiratory musculature, leading to a rapid reduction in intrathoracic pressure.(More)
In 304 patients the natural history of 339 endarterectomized and 269 nonoperated internal carotid arteries was examined by means of ultrasonic Duplex scanning over a period of 60 months. In 172 cases the operated artery was closed primarily and venous patching was performed in 167 endarterectomies. By life-table analysis the rate of significant recurrent(More)
Harlequin syndrome is an autonomic syndrome of heat, emotion and exercise induced flushing and sweating limited to one side of the face in combination with impairment of sweating and flushing on the contralateral side, Two women aged 32 and 39 years displayed this syndrome. In one patient no other neurological symptoms were found; MRI of cervicothoracic(More)