Jacques de Champlain

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The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a 2 h cycle exercise (50% $$\dot V_{O_2 \max }$$ ) on heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP), and on plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) concentrations, during the recovery period in seven normotensive subjects. Measurements were made at rest in supine (20 min) and standing (10 min)(More)
In the conscious freely moving rat, the intrathecal (i.t.) injection of neuropeptide K (NPK; 0.65 to 6.5 nmol), at T-9 spinal cord level, produced dose-dependent and prolonged (> 3 h) increases in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR). The cardiovascular response to 3.25 nmol NPK was less sustained when injected at T-2 level. The(More)
The release of adrenal catecholamines into the adrenal vein elicited by splanchnic nerve stimulation, was evaluated in the presence of a β-adrenoceptor agonist and both β-1 and β-2 adrenoceptor antagonists in anaesthetized and vagotomized dogs. Stimulations (0.5 V pulses of 2 ms duration for 3 min at 1 Hz) were applied before and after the i.v. infusion of(More)
BACKGROUND Midodrine is an alpha-agonist prodrug of desglymidodrine (DGM) that has been reported to be of clinical benefit in patients with neurocardiogenic syncope. Its effects may be mediated not only by its hypertensive properties but also by its neurohumoral influences independent of blood pressure (BP). OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to(More)
The effect of age on autonomic nervous system was assessed at rest and while standing using systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate, and power spectral analysis of the time duration between 2 consecutive R waves of an electrocardiogram (RR) interval variability, as well as on plasma norepinephrine and epinephrine levels(More)
The effect of pbenoxybenzamine (PBA), desmethylimipramine (DMI), donidine (CLND), sotalol (STL), and isoproterenol (ISPR) on the release of endogenous norepinephrine (NE) from the heart on right cardioaccelerator nerve stimulation was studied in anesthetized dogs. Under control conditions, the catecholamine levels in coronary sinus blood increased linearly(More)
To determine the contribution of nitric oxide (NO) in cardiovascular remodeling associated to hypertension and insulin resistance, male Sprague-Dawley rats received tap water supplemented or not (control), with 10% D-glucose (G) and/or 50 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) L-NAME to inhibit NO synthase (G-LN or LN) for 4 weeks. Systolic blood pressure increased by 12%,(More)
The development of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors has been important in furthering our understanding of the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure and improving the care of these patients. ACE inhibitors have been shown to improve the longevity and quality of life of patients with congestive heart failure. They decrease neurohumoral(More)
Elevated circulating supine or standing norepinephrine (NE) or epinephrlne (E) levels were observed in a variable proportion of hypertensive patients by several investigators. In our studies, elevated supine NE levels were found in an important proportion of patients with labile or sustained hypertension, whereas elevated supine E levels were observed only(More)