Jacques Y. Montplaisir

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One hundred thirty-three cases of restless legs syndrome (RLS), diagnosed with criteria recently formulated by an international study group, were studied by questionnaire and with all-night polysomnographic recordings. Results show that RLS starts at a mean age of 27.2 years and before age 20 in 38.3% of patients. Symptoms often appear in one leg only and(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS), a common sensorimotor disorder, has a wide range of severity from merely annoying to affecting sleep and quality of life severely enough to warrant medical treatment. Previous epidemiological studies, however, have failed to determine the prevalence of those with clinically significant RLS symptoms and to examine the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) among patients with PD using both history and polysomnography (PSG) recordings and to further study REM sleep muscle atonia in PD. BACKGROUND The reported occurrence of RBD in PD varies from 15 to 47%. However, no study has estimated the frequency of RBD using PSG recordings or(More)
OBJECTIVE Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is a potential preclinical marker for the development of neurodegenerative diseases, particularly Parkinson disease (PD) and Lewy body dementia. However, the long-term risk of developing neurodegeneration in patients with idiopathic RBD has not been established. Obtaining an accurate picture of this(More)
Numerous studies have assessed a wide range of cognitive deficits associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The comparison of these various results, however, is hampered by the fact that different studies employ different neuropsychological tests, even when assessing the same function. The aim of this paper is to present a standardized(More)
Rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is characterised by loss of muscular atonia and prominent motor behaviours during REM sleep. RBD can cause sleep disruption and severe injuries for the patient or bed partner. The disorder is strongly associated with neurodegenerative diseases, such as multiple-system atrophy, Parkinson's disease,(More)
This study examines the developmental changes of sleep patterns as a function of gender and puberty and assesses the prevalence of sleep habits and sleep disturbances in early adolescence. It also investigates the relationship between sleep patterns, sleep habits and difficulty falling asleep and nocturnal awakenings. The present analyses are based on(More)
The clinical validity of diagnostic criteria for sleep orofacial motor activity--more specifically, bruxism--has never been tested. Polysomnographic recordings from 18 bruxers and 18 asymptomatic subjects, selected according to American Sleep Disorders Association criteria, were analyzed (1) to discriminate sleep bruxism from other orofacial motor(More)
A survey conducted through personal interviews was done in Canada to estimate the prevalence of subjective symptoms related to restless legs syndrome (RLS) and to sleep bruxism. Of the 2,019 respondents, all over 18 years of age, 15% reported leg restlessness at bedtime; 10% reported unpleasant leg muscle sensations associated with awakening during sleep(More)
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is characterized by leg paresthesia associated with an irresistible urge to move. Currently used dopaminergic agents, such as levodopa, pergolide, and bromocriptine, offer incomplete control of sensory and motor symptoms and induce severe side effects. OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of pramipexole, a(More)