Jacques Vanvelcenaher

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Critical power (CP) and the second ventilatory threshold (VT2) are presumed to indicate the power corresponding to maximal lactate steady state (MLSS). The aim of this study was to investigate the use of CP and VT2 as indicators of MLSS. Eleven male trained subjects [mean (SD) age 23 (2.9) years] performed an incremental test (25 W·min−1) to determine(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the physiological responses during arm exercises when the crank rate was chosen spontaneously (TS) or set at +/- 20 % (T-20, T+ 20) of the spontaneously chosen crank rate (SCCR). Eight physical education male students, aged 22 +/- 3.2 years, performed an upper body exercise in which intensities ranged from unload(More)
BACKGROUND Although numerous studies revealed that isokinetic dynamometers were valuable tools for assessing spastic hypertonia, no standard methodology using such devices is currently widespread in clinical setting. The aim of this study was to standardize a protocol to assess spastic hypertonia in the triceps surae. METHODS The passive resistance during(More)
Twenty patients with chronic suprasacral spinal cord injury presenting with detrusor hyperreflexia were examined. In a preliminary study in ten patients we investigated the reproducibility of bladder capacity through the repetition of three cystometries. The effect of electrical stimulation (ES) on detrusor hyperreflexia was then investigated in ten(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was first to compare the kinematic parameters of imposed ankle mobilizations measured during Ashworth or isokinetic tests and, second, to better understand why the stretch reflex was more or less easily elicited by one method or the other. METHODS Passive dorsiflexions were applied on eight adult patients with(More)
The aims of the present study were: first, to assess the interindividual variations of a spontaneously chosen crank rate (SCCR) in relation to the power developed during an incremental upper body exercise on an arm ergometer set at a constant power regime, and second, to compare heart rate (HR) responses, expired minute ventilation (V˙ E) and oxygen(More)
The purpose of this study was to verify whether the maximal lactate steady state (MLSS) corresponds to a physiological steady state. Eight male trained subjects performed a 30-min test on a cycle ergometer at a constant power corresponding to their own MLSS which had been previously determined. No significant variation was observed between the 10th and the(More)
The present study assessed whether the first and the second ventilatory thresholds (VT1 and VT2) were dependent on the muscle groups solicited when spontaneously chosen crank and pedal rates are used. 20 physical education male students (22 +/- 2.2 yr.) performed two maximal incremental tests randomly assigned using an increment of 15 and 30 W every minute(More)
The aim of the present study was to compare the physiological responses when the crank rate was chosen spontaneously (Ts) or set at +/- 10% (T-10%, T+10%) of the freely chosen rate, during two upper body exercises: i) a sub-maximal test (T(SUB)) in which intensities ranged from 50 to 80% (118.4 +/- 10.2 to 189.5 +/- 16.3 watts) of maximal power (MP) and ii)(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the cardiorespiratory and efficiency responses between upper (T(UBE)) and lower (T(LBE)) body exercises at the same relative power outputs and with spontaneously chosen crank (SCCR) or pedal (SCPR) rates. Twelve participants performed exercise bouts set at 20, 40, 60 and 80% of maximal power (MP) separated by passive(More)