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Identifying when past exposure to an infectious disease will protect against newly emerging strains is central to understanding the spread and the severity of epidemics, but the prediction of viral cross-protection remains an important unsolved problem. For foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) research in particular, improved methods for predicting this(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the enormous global burden of tuberculosis (TB), conventional approaches to diagnosis continue to rely on tests that have major drawbacks. The improvement of TB diagnostics relies, not only on good biomarkers, but also upon accurate detection methodologies. The 10-kDa culture filtrate protein (CFP-10) and the 6-kDa early secreted antigen(More)
BACKGROUND Giant perimedullary arteriovenous fistulas (GPMAVFs) located in the cervical region are a rare pathology with distinctive characteristics. OBJECTIVE To evaluate clinical presentation and different endovascular treatment options of cervical GPMAVFs and review previously published data in the literature regarding cervical GPMAVFs. METHODS Six(More)
INTRODUCTION Direct carotid artery puncture (DCP) is employed in patients with tortuous anatomy and peripheral vascular disease when the peripheral arteries are not available for vascular access. Manual compression is the only method of achieving hemostasis following DCP and, till date, the use of a closure device for DCP has been reported in only one(More)
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