Jacques Sauzieres

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These studies examine the effects of a hypercholesterolemic diet (with butter and cholesterol added), or a hypertriglyceridemic diet (30% sucrose (w/v) in drinking water), on murine plasma lipids and lipoproteins prepared either by sequential ultracentrifugation or gel exclusion chromatography. The hypercholesterolemic diet increased plasma cholesterol(More)
Troxerutin, a flavonoid derivative, used in vascular diseases was studied in 4 mutagenicity tests: the Ames test, the point mutation test (V79/HPRT), the in vitro metaphase analysis in human lymphocytes and the micronucleus test in mice. The aglycone trihydroxyethylquercetin (THEQ) and quercetin were studied too. Troxerutin was not mutagenic, whereas(More)
The effectiveness of nanoparticle-bound ampicillin was tested in the treatment of experimental Listeria monocytogenes infection in congenitally athymic nude mice. Nanoparticles of polyisohexylcyanoacrylate (PIHCA) 187 +/- 13 nm in diameter were bound to ampicillin at an ampicillin/PIHCA ratio of 0.2:1. The proportion of ampicillin bound was 90% +/- 3%.(More)
The proteasome is a multicatalytic protease that plays a critical role in the cell. The control of proteasomes could, thus, provide a weapon for the treatment of cancer. Therefore, we have synthesized six new peptide aldehyde inhibitors of the proteasome linked to the N-(2-diethylaminoethyl)benzamide (BZA-CO) structure, in order to target the cytotoxic(More)
This study was designed to examine the hypothesis that dl-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (vitamin E) increases the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) with a concomitant decrease of the ratio of total cholesterol/HDLC and a resultant amelioration of the coronary risk profile. Vitamin E (500 IU/day) or placebo were administered under double-blind(More)
The exposure of cells to O6-methylguanine or O6-benzylguanine is known to reduce the enzymatic activity of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase, which leads to a sensitivity enhancement to chloroethylnitrosourea cytotoxic effects. The main disadvantage of the guanine derivatives is their low water solubility, which makes their formulation difficult for(More)
A series of compounds from 7-(2-methylene butyryl)-2,3-dihydro benzoxazin-[1,4]-3-one was synthesized and evaluated for its lipid lowering action in animal models. Substitutions in positions 2, 4 and 7 were performed. The results of the structure-activity relationships are very difficult to be interpreted. The different modifications tested did not show any(More)
A series of compounds derived from 7-acyl-(2H)-1,4-benzoxazin-3-(4H)-one was synthesized and evaluated for its lipid lowering actions in animal models. These of three 7-(2-methylene butyryl) 4-methyl and 2,4 dimethyl or 2,2,4 trimethyl benzoxazinone showed very potent activity. Their hypocholesterolemic and hypotriglyceridemic activities were tested in(More)
Four series of N-arylpiperazinyl derivatives of the 7-substituted 2,3-dihydrobenzoxazin[1,4]-3-one were synthesized and preliminarily tested for hypolipemic activity. Substitutions in position 2 were performed. Hypotriglyceridemic activity was shown to be present in a number of compounds.
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