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Pulmonary inflammation is an important pathological feature of tobacco smoke related lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Kinin type 1 and type 2 receptors (B(1)R, B(2)R) are known to be associated with inflammatory responses of the lungs and other organs. In this study, we investigated whether cigarette smoke-induced airway(More)
To evaluate the mechanisms and the impact of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor perindopril (P) in a model of doxorubicin (D)-induced cardiotoxicity, male Wistar rats received D (1 mg/kg/d, IP for 10 days), P (2 mg/kg/d by gavage from day 1 to day 18), D (for 10 days) + P (for 18 days) or saline. D decreased systolic blood pressure and body and(More)
The firing of central serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) neurons and their capacity to release 5-HT are subjected to a receptor-mediated auto-control via 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(1B) receptors respectively located on the somata/dendrites (5-HT(1A) autoreceptors) and preterminal axon arborizations (5-HT(1B) autoreceptors) of these neurons. To further(More)
In weaver mice, mutation of a G-protein inwardly rectifying K(+) channel leads to a cerebellar developmental anomaly characterized by granule and Purkinje cell loss and, in addition, degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. To evaluate other deficits, ionotropic glutamate receptors sensitive to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA),(More)
In weaver mice, mutation of an G-protein inwardly rectifying K+ channel leads to a cerebellar developmental anomaly characterized by granule and Purkinje cell loss and, in addition, degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. To evaluate other deficits, glutamate receptors sensitive to N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) were examined by autoradiography with [3H]MK-801(More)
[35S]GTPgammaS autoradiography of slide-mounted tissue sections was used to examine G-protein coupling in the rat spinal cord, as stimulated by dopamine, the D1 receptor agonist SKF 38393, noradrenaline, and noradrenaline in the presence of the alpha adrenoceptor antagonist, phentolamine. Measurements were obtained from the different laminae of spinal grey(More)
BACKGROUND The kinin B1 receptor (B1R) is upregulated by pro-inflammatory cytokines, bacterial endotoxins and hyperglycaemia-induced oxidative stress. In animal models of diabetes, it contributes to pain polyneuropathy. This study aims at defining the cellular localization of B1R in thoracic spinal cord of type 1 diabetic rats by confocal microscopy with(More)
BACKGROUND Kinin B(1) receptor (B(1)R) is induced by the oxidative stress in models of diabetes mellitus. This study aims at determining whether B(1)R activation could perpetuate the oxidative stress which leads to diabetic complications. METHODS AND FINDINGS Young Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with 10% D-Glucose or tap water (controls) for 8-12 weeks. A(More)
PURPOSE Kinin B(1) receptor (B(1)R) is upregulated in retina of Streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats and contributes to vasodilation of retinal microvessels and breakdown of the blood-retinal barrier. Systemic treatment with B(1)R antagonists reversed the increased retinal plasma extravasation in STZ rats. The present study aims at determining whether ocular(More)
4-Pentenoate (4P) is a short-chain fatty acid which causes a complete renal Fanconi syndrome. We have examined the mechanism of 4P toxicity along the nephron after a prolonged (30 min) exposition of isolated renal tubular segments to this agent. In proximal tubules, 4P inhibited the activity of alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, pyruvate dehydrogenase, and(More)