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The efferent projections of the pigeon visual Wulst upon the diencephalon and mesencephalon were investigated using the autoradiographic technique following the combined injection of [3H] proline and [3H] leucine into the rostral hyperstriatum accessorium. Repeated measures of silver grain densities were performed bilaterally in different brain structures(More)
Homologies between vertebrate forebrain subdivisions are still uncertain. In particular the identification of homologs of the mammalian neocortex or the dorsal ventricular ridge (DVR) of birds and reptiles is still a matter of dispute. To get insight about the organization of the primordia of the main telencephalic subdivisions along the anteroposterior(More)
Transmembrane isoforms of adenylate cyclases (AC) integrate a wide variety of extracellular signals from neurotransmitters to morphogens and can also regulate cAMP production in response to calcium entry. Based on observations in the barrelless mouse strain, the Adcy1 gene (AC1) was involved in the segregation of binocular retinal inputs. To determine the(More)
The topographical organization of ipsilateral retinal projections was investigated in the pigmented quail using different anatomical tracing techniques. The orthograde labeling patterns were examined after intraocular injections of tritiated tracers (autoradiography), horseradish peroxidase (HRP) either alone or combined with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA),(More)
The retinofugal projections of 5 species (Acanthodactylus boskianus, Scincus scincus, Tarentola mauritanica, Uromastix acanthinurus and Zonosaurus ornatus) belonging to 5 different families of Type I and Type II lizards have been examined by means of the radioautographic method. In the 5 species the retinal ganglion cells project to the contralateral(More)
An immunocytochemical investigation was made of the distribution of serotonin (5-HT) in the brain of larval and adult Ambystoma mexicanum and adult Typhlonectes compressicauda. Immunoreactive perikarya can be identified in the caudal diencephalon (paraventricular organ and infundibular nucleus), in the ventral mesencephalon (interpeduncular nucleus) and in(More)
The distribution of serotonin (5-HT)-containing perikarya, fibers and terminals in the brain of the pigeon (Columba livia) was investigated, using immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence methods combined with retrograde axonal transport. Twenty-one different groups of 5-HT immunoreactive (IR) cells were identified, 2 of which were localized at the(More)
The present review is a detailed survey of our present knowledge of the centrifugal visual system (CVS) of vertebrates. Over the last 20 years, the use of experimental hodological and immunocytochemical techniques has led to a considerable augmentation of this knowledge. Contrary to long-held belief, the CVS is not a unique property of birds but a constant(More)
The present study examined GABA immunoreactivity within the retinopetal nucleus isthmo-opticus (NIO) of the pigeon centrifugal visual system (CVS) using light- (immunohistofluorescence, peroxidase anti-peroxidase: PAP) and electron- (postembedding GABA immunogold) microscopic techniques. In some double-labeling experiments, the retrograde transport of the(More)