Jacques Renault

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The effects of several N-sulfonyl-polyamines, including N1-dansyl-spermine (N1-DnsSpm) and N1-(n-octanesulfonyl)-spermine (N1-OsSpm), were studied at recombinant N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. N1-DnsSpm and N1-OsSpm inhibited NMDA receptors and were approximately 1000-fold more potent than spermine in oocytes(More)
Polyamines are believed to be potent vectors for the selective delivery of chemotherapeutic agents into cancer cells. In this paper, we report the effect of spermine conjugation on the cytotoxic and transport properties of acridine. Six derivatives, composed of a spermine chain attached at its N(1) position to an acridine via an aliphatic chain, were(More)
Five sets of heterocyclic derivatives of various sizes and complexities coupled by an amidine function to putrescine, spermidine, or spermine were prepared. They were essentially tested to determine the influence of the polyamine chain on their cellular transport. To comment on affinity and on selective transport via the polyamine transport system (PTS),(More)
N(1)-(n-octanesulfonyl)spermine (N(1) OSSpm) is a substrate of polyamine oxidase. It shares several properties with spermine, such as antagonism of NMDA-type glutamate receptors, calmodulin antagonism, and cytotoxicity, but it is more potent by orders of magnitude in these regards than spermine. The human colon carcinoma-derived cell line CaCo-2 was used as(More)
N1-Dansylspermine and related sulfonamides of the natural polyamines are very potent blockers of NMDA-type glutamate receptors. They exhibit pharmacological properties which were not predicted from the constituents of the conjugates. Cytotoxicity and calmodulin antagonism of N1-dansylspermine were especially impressive. Calmodulin antagonism implies that(More)
MDL 72527 (N1,N4-di-2,3-butadienyl-1,4-butanediamine) is a selective inactivator of polyamine oxidase with therapeutic potential. However, the development of lethal toxic effects due to prevention of spermine degradation is a considerable disadvantage of the compound. Since the cytotoxicity of MDL 72527 was postulated to be independent of its anti-polyamine(More)
Site-selective scission of ribonucleic acids (RNAs) has attracted considerable interest, since RNA is an intermediate in gene expression and the genetic material of many pathogenic viruses. Polyamine-imidazole conjugates for site-selective RNA scission, without free imidazole, were synthesized and tested on yeast phenylalanine transfer RNA. These molecules(More)
The polyamine transport system (PTS) whose activity is up-regulated in cancer cells is an attractive target for drug design. Two heterocyclic (azepine and benzazepine) systems were conjugated to various polyamine moieties through an amidine bound to afford 18 compounds which were evaluated for their affinity for the PTS and their ability to use the PTS for(More)