Jacques Randon

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OBJECTIVE Because inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) reduces the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and prevents atherosclerosis, we investigated the expression of RAS in the arterial wall of T2D and nondiabetic (CTR) patients. METHODS AND RESULTS mRNA and protein levels of angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and AT1(More)
In functional genomics, the high-throughput methods such as microarrays 1) allow analysis of the relationships between genes considering them as elements of a network and 2) lead to biological interpretations thanks to Gene Ontology. But up to now it has not been possible to find relationships between the functions and the connectivity of the genes in(More)
OBJECTIVES We have previously reported that 5-lipoxygenase-derived products, and particularly the cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs), were involved in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced contractions in isolated aortas from spontaneously hypertensive rats. DESIGN The aim of this study was to assess the role of CysLTs in the vascular response to Ang II in an Ang(More)
High cortisol and aldosterone levels increase cardiovascular risk, but the respective roles of each hormone within the arterial wall remain controversial. We tested the hypothesis that cortisol production within the arterial wall may contribute to atherosclerotic remodeling and act through illicit activation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR). Gene(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the organization of the tissue angiotensin system, we investigated the expression and cellular localization of angiotensin system components and cathepsins D and G, potentially involved in intraparietal angiotensin II formation and atheroma. METHODS Total RNA was extracted from atheroma plaque, fatty streaks and macroscopically(More)
Allele alpha LELY is a low-expression allele of the erythroid spectrin alpha-gene. It carries mutations in exon 40 (alpha V/41 polymorphism) and intron 45, respectively, and is associated with partial skipping of exon 46. The latter phenomenon is thought to impair the recruitment of alpha-chains by beta-chains, and would eventually account for the(More)
Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is commonly associated with hypertension and represents an independent cardiovascular risk factor. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the cardiac overload related to hypertension is associated to a specific gene expression pattern independently of genetic background. Gene expression levels were obtained(More)
The dynamics of insulin release by pieces of fetal rat pancreas from 17.5 to 21.5 days of gestation was measured in an in vitro perifusion system. Interactions between glucose, theophylline, and a mixture of 12 amino acids at physiologic concentration (mix. A.A.) were studied. On day 17.5, 13.9 mM glucose induced only a small (10 min) early phase of insulin(More)
Convulxin, a very potent aggregating protein from rattlesnake venom, was purified by a new procedure and its heterodimeric structure alpha 3 beta 3 was confirmed. The polypeptide N-terminal sequences of convulxin subunits were determined by Edman degradation. They are very similar and appear homologous to botrocetin from Bothrops jararaca venom and to(More)
P-selectin. We investigated the role of P-selectin on the development of vascular lesions in an ApoE(-/-) male mice. Double-knockout (ApoE(-/-), P-selectin(-/-); DKO) were compared to single-knockout (ApoE(-/-); SKO) mice. They were fed a chow or fat diet for 3, 6, 15, and 20 weeks, without any differences in cholesterol levels. DKO mice fed a chow diet(More)