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A new method for the serological diagnosis of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection based on neutralization of the virus in cell culture was developed. The test involves a short incubation of the virus in the presence of the serum sample to be tested and permissive cells. With viral replication being limited and without a cytopathic effect, viral growth in(More)
The nucleotide sequence from position 5,014 to 7,186 of the hepatitis E virus (HEV) genome was determined using a set of 10 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) fragments amplified directly from a pool of fecal specimens obtained from patients with well-documented epidemic HEV infection in Morocco. This sequence contains the 3'-terminal region of open reading(More)
Local immunological defense mechanisms in the cervicovaginal mucosa currently remain incompletely defined, especially from a quantitative point of view. Addition of an inert substance, lithium chloride (LiCl), into the washing buffer used to carry out the vaginal washing for collecting cervicovaginal secretions and measurement of its concentration with a(More)
Partial genomic sequences of four hepatitis E virus (HEV) strains from Africa (Morocco and Tunisia) and one from Central Asia (Tashkent, Uzbekistan) were obtained. The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify 5' and hypervariable regions of open reading frame 1 (ORF1) and a region overlapping all 3 ORFs. Sequence analysis of these(More)
This clinical and biological study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of infection by HIV, HBV and HDV in male drug abusers entering a prison. One hundred and thirteen drug users accepted to be tested: 14 (12 p. 100) were homosexual; 12 (11 p. 100) consumed more than 80 g per day of alcohol. The mean duration of drug addiction was 5 +/- 2.9 years; 50(More)
The aim of this report was to identify the region(s) of the secretory component (SC) molecule involved in in vitro binding to dimeric IgA. Inhibition of the SC binding was tested by Fab' antibody fragments directed against the accessible (A) and inaccessible (I) regions of SC. Antibodies directed against the main 38.5-kDa trypsin fragment of SC, and(More)
A hybrid cell line producing monoclonal antibodies recognizing an epitope encoded by the pre-(S)2 region of hepatitis B virus (HBV) genome was obtained by fusion of mouse myeloma cells with lymphocytes from mice immunized with HBV. The monoclonal antibody Mo-F124 secreted from the hybrid line reacted with the pre-S(2) epitope expressed on the surface of(More)
The neutralization epitope(s) of the hepatitis E virus (HEV) was studied by an in vitro neutralization assay using antibodies obtained by immunization of mice with 51 overlapping 30-mer synthetic peptides spanning the region 221-660 amino acids (aa) of the HEV open reading frame 2 encoded protein (pORF2) and 31 overlapping recombinant proteins of different(More)
The vast majority of monoclonal IgM proteins is eluted just before the total volume of the column when filtered through G200 Sephadex or S200 Sephacryl gels equilibrated in a 0.005 M phosphate buffer but eluted with 0.05 M phosphate buffer containing 1.7 M NaCl. This unusual behaviour in low-ionic buffer is probably due to the poor solubility of IgM in(More)
A solid-phase radioimmunoassay involving specific antibody was developed for determination of the pre-S gene-encoded epitopes of hepatitis B virus and anti-pre-S antibody in sera of hepatitis B patients. The reaction for pre-S determinants associated with HBsAg was quantitatively inhibited by soluble, polymerized human serum albumin, and the lower limit of(More)