Jacques Picard

Learn More
All-trans retinoic acid (RA) has been shown to enhance subepidermal repair in photoaged hairless mice. The current study assesses the effects of RA on the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content in irradiated and nonirradiated mouse skin. Mice were exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) for 10 wk, after which they were treated either with 0.05% RA or with an(More)
Insulin resistance was explored in vivo and in vitro in 3 lipoatrophic diabetic girls (12, 15 and 19 years old = L1, L2 and L3). Patients L1 and L2 were explored with fasting hyperglycaemia (9 mmol/l); patient L3 was normoglycaemic. All had abnormal OGTT with marked hyperinsulinemia. Their basal glucose productions, measured by [6,6(-2)H] glucose constant(More)
35S-heparan sulfate (HS) metabolism by intestinal epithelial cells isolated from streptozotocin-diabetic and control rats was studied. In diabetic cells, a greater amount of 35S-radioactivity was incorporated into HS, however specific radioactivity of this polysaccharide was decreased. Studies into the distribution of sulfate residues in HS after selective(More)
Overexpression of strong transcriptional activators like herpes simplex virion protein 16 (VP16) may lead to non-specific inhibition of gene expression as a result of the titration of transcription factors. Here we report that a fusion between the homeoprotein Hoxa2 and the VP16 activation domain inhibits transcription from the strong promoter/enhancers of(More)
  • Jacques Picard
  • Comptes rendus des séances de la Société de…
  • 1993
Glycosaminoglycans and proteoglycans. Numerous studies focused on glycosaminoglycans have provided evidence for a relationship between the distribution of these macromolecules in the connective tissue and their structure as well as their ionic and mechanic properties. However, a major advance has been made recently with the cloning of the genes coding for(More)
We have previously shown (Berrou et al., J. Cell. Phys., 137:430-438, 1988) that porcine endothelial cell-conditioned medium (ECCM) stimulates proteoglycan synthesis by smooth muscle cells from pig aorta. ECCM stimulation requires protein cores for glycosaminoglycan chain initiation and is accompanied by an increase in the hydrodynamic size of proteoglycans(More)
Incubation of microsomal fractions with labelled 3'-phosphoadenylyl sulfate results in incorporation of [35S]sulfate into endogenous glycosaminoglycans. Specific radioactivity observed incorporated into heparan sulfate chains is 10-fold greater than that incorporated into chondroïtin sulfate chains. This is in agreement with the results obtained for(More)
We studied the binding and action of insulin in cultured fibroblasts from six patients with lipoatrophic diabetes and marked in vivo insulin resistance and from seven control subjects. The binding of insulin was not altered, which corresponds well with studies with circulating erythrocytes. Similarly, the action of the hormone on amino acid uptake(More)
The involvement of glycoconjugates in the insulin-receptor interactions in mouse liver is tested by digestions of membranes with various enzymes. Trypsin decreased the binding of [125I]insulin to liver membranes. After digestion with beta-galactosidase no ""high affinity'' receptor sites could be detected. The effects observed with plant lectins confirm the(More)
The interaction of insulin with its receptors was studied in liver plasma membranes of the young non-obese hereditary diabetic mouse (KK strain). Under identical conditions of preparation and incubation, the membranes of the KK mouse bind only 55-70% as much insulin per mg of protein as those of the control mouse (Swiss albino). Scatchard analysis suggests(More)