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The age-associated decrease in the efficiency of CNS remyelination has clear implications for recovery from demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) that may last for several decades. Developing strategies to reverse the age-associated decline requires the identification of how the regenerative process is impaired. We addressed whether(More)
It has been hypothesized that the progressive failure of remyelination in chronic multiple sclerosis is, in part, the consequence of repeated episodes of demyelination at the same site, eventually depleting oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and exhausting the remyelinating capacity. We investigated the effect of previous focal, ethidium(More)
To assess the effects of sex on CNS remyelination, demyelinating lesions were induced by injection of ethidium bromide into the caudal cerebellar peduncle of Sprague-Dawley rats divided into the following 8 groups: young adult male, young adult female, old adult male and old adult female and each of these in which the gonads had been removed 4 weeks prior(More)
Dyskinesias are disorders of the central nervous system that result in involuntary movements in a fully conscious individual. This report describes a disorder in a five-year-old male neutered bichon frise characterised by episodic involuntary skeletal muscle activity with normal levels of consciousness that bears some similarity to the previously described(More)
BACKGROUND Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) are widely used for human neonatal deafness screening, but have not been reported for clinical use in dogs. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES To investigate the feasibility of TEOAE testing in conscious puppies and the ability of TEOAE testing to correctly identify deaf and hearing ears, as defined by(More)
Noise produced by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners (which can peak at a sound pressure level of 131 dB) has been shown to cause noise-induced cochlear dysfunction in people. The aim of this study was to investigate whether noise produced during MRI had a deleterious effect on cochlear function in dogs, using distortion product otoacoustic emission(More)
OBJECTIVES Evoked otoacoustic emission testing is the preferred test in human patients for sensorineural deafness screening in neonates and cochlear outer hair cell function monitoring in adults. This study evaluated evoked otoacoustic emission testing for cochlear function assessment in dogs within a clinical setting. METHODS Two populations of(More)
In the central nervous system (CNS) the majority of axons are surrounded by a myelin sheath, which is produced by oligodendrocytes. Myelin is a lipid-rich insulating material that facilitates the rapid conduction of electrical impulses along the myelinated nerve fibre. Proteolipid protein and its isoform DM20 constitute the most abundant protein component(More)
Glial growth factor-2 (GGF-2) is a neuronally derived isoform of neuregulin shown in vitro to promote proliferation and survival of oligodendrocytes, the myelinating cells of the CNS. Enhanced remyelination has been demonstrated in vivo following systemic delivery of human recombinant GGF-2 (rhGGF-2) in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE).(More)
Eleven dogs diagnosed with refractory idiopathic epilepsy were treated orally with gabapentin for a minimum of three months at an initial dose of 10 mg/kg every eight hours. They were all experiencing episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures and had been treated chronically with a combination of phenobarbital and potassium bromide at doses sufficient(More)