Jacques P Riad

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Patients with hemiplegic cerebral palsy often have noticeably deviant arm posture and decreased arm movement. Here we develop a comprehensive assessment method for the upper extremity during walking. Arm posture score (APS), deviation of shoulder flexion/extension, shoulder abduction/adduction, elbow flexion/extension and wrist flexion/extension were(More)
BACKGROUND The Winter classification of spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) is based on sagittal kinematic data from 3-dimensional gait analysis used in preoperative decision making and postoperative evaluation. Our goal was to investigate how well children with spastic hemiplegic CP can be classified using Winter criteria. Second, we assessed if(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hip dislocation in children with cerebral palsy (CP) is a common and severe problem. The Swedish follow-up program for CP (CPUP) includes standardized monitoring of the hips. Migration percentage (MP) is a widely accepted measure of hip displacement. Coxa valga and valgus of the femoral head in relation to the femoral neck can be(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy are typically high functioning and walk without assistive devices. The involved limb is usually smaller and shorter, although it is not clear whether the difference in muscle volume has an impact on walking capacity. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES We determined the volume of muscles important for(More)
BACKGROUND Spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy is a challenging disorder often affecting children with high functional and cognitive level, who are good candidates for physiotherapy treatment, including co-ordination and muscle strengthening exercises. The goal of this study was to investigate hip and ankle power generation on both the hemiplegic and(More)
The primary goal in treatment of slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is to prevent further slip by stabilizing the physis. Debate exists concerning prophylactic fixation of the uninvolved hip at presentation. Our goal was to determine predictive factors for a contralateral slip after presentation with a unilateral SCFE. Ninety patients with SCFE and(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) it can be difficult to clearly define whether deviations in gait pattern result from impaired motor control, leg length discrepancy (LLD), or are a consequence of secondary compensatory mechanisms. LLD is common and treatment can be considered. The goal was to investigate the degree of LLD(More)
BACKGROUND In unilateral cerebral palsy, movement pattern can be difficult to define and quantify. The aim was to assess the degree of deviation and asymmetry in upper and lower extremities during walking. METHODS Forty-seven patients, 45 Gross Motor Function Classification Scale (GMFCS) I and 2 patients GMFCS II, mean age 17.1 years (range 13.1 to 24.0)(More)
PURPOSE Dynamic pediobarograph measures foot-floor contact pressure during walking and provides a quantitative functional assessment. The goal of this study was to assess the reliability of pediobarograph measurements in normal children and in those with cerebral palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS During the first investigation, five non-disabled children(More)
In the management of a newborn's hips, ultrasonography has proven to be useful. The progression of measurements at different ages in normal hips has not been thoroughly investigated. The purpose of this prospective study was to assess the longitudinal development of clinically stable hips. Forty newborns (80 hips) were assessed by ultrasonography at birth(More)