Jacques Mallet

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Worldwide, 100 million people are expected to die this century from the consequences of nicotine addiction, but nicotine is also known to enhance cognitive performance. Identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in nicotine reinforcement and cognition is a priority and requires the development of new in vivo experimental paradigms. The ventral tegmental(More)
Schizophrenia is an idiopathic mental disorder with a heritable component and a substantial public health impact. We conducted a multi-stage genome-wide association study (GWAS) for schizophrenia beginning with a Swedish national sample (5,001 cases and 6,243 controls) followed by meta-analysis with previous schizophrenia GWAS (8,832 cases and 12,067(More)
This article deals with the identification of gene regulatory networks from experimental data using a statistical machine learning approach. A stochastic model of gene interactions capable of handling missing variables is proposed. It can be described as a dynamic Bayesian network particularly well suited to tackle the stochastic nature of gene regulation(More)
The expression of the FMR-1 gene, which is implicated in fragile-X syndrome was investigated in human fetuses by in situ hybridization. In 8 and 9 week-old fetuses, FMR-1 mRNAs are expressed in proliferating and migrating cells of the nervous system, in the retina, and in several non-nervous tissues. In the brain of 25 week-old fetuses, FMR-1 mRNAs are(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) controls a wide range of biological functions. In the brain, its implication as a neurotransmitter and in the control of behavioral traits has been largely documented. At the periphery, its modulatory role in physiological processes, such as the cardiovascular function, is still poorly understood. The rate-limiting enzyme of 5-HT synthesis,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Aging is recognized to originate from a diversity of mechanisms that blur the limits between normal and pathologic processes. The purpose of this study was to determine the early effect of normal aging on the regional distribution of brain metabolite concentrations, including N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a major neuronal marker, choline(More)
The existence of GABAergic neurons in the rat suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) was demonstrated by three specific markers; mRNA coding for glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and visualized by in situ hybridization using a 35S-labelled cDNA probe, and GAD protein and GABA were identified by immunocytochemistry using specific antisera. In situ hybridization(More)
Mitogen-activated protein-kinase (MAP) kinase-activated protein kinases 1 and 2 (MAPKAP kinase-1, MAPKAP kinase-2), were found to phosphorylate bacterially expressed human tyrosine hydroxylase in vitro at comparable rates to other proteins thought to be physiological substrates of these protein kinases. The phosphorylation of all four alternatively spliced(More)
Lentivirus-derived vectors are among the most promising viral vectors for gene therapy currently available, but their use in clinical practice is limited by the associated risk of insertional mutagenesis. We have overcome this problem by developing a nonintegrative lentiviral vector derived from HIV type 1 with a class 1 integrase (IN) mutation (replacement(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) modulate intracellular signaling but are also responsible for neuronal damage in pathological states. Microglia, the resident CNS macrophages, are prominent sources of ROS through expression of the phagocyte oxidase which catalytic subunit Nox2 generates superoxide ion (O2(.-)). Here we show that microglia also express Nox1 and(More)