Jacques Magdalou

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This review represents an update of the nomenclature system for the UDP glucuronosyltransferase gene superfamily, which is based on divergent evolution. Since the previous review in 1991, sequences of many related UDP glycosyltransferases from lower organisms have appeared in the database, which expand our database considerably. At latest count, in animals,(More)
V79 (Chinese hamster lung fibroblast) cell lines expressing a functional recombinant phenobarbital-inducible rat liver UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), i.e., UGT2B1, were established. Western blot analysis of positive colonies, using anti-rat liver UGT antibodies, revealed the presence of an immunoreactive polypeptide of the expected molecular mass of 52(More)
Monospecific polyclonal antibodies were raised against a variable amino-terminal domain (amino acids 14-150) of a human liver form of UDP-glucuronosyl-transferase conjugating bile acids, UGT2B4 (Jackson, M. R., McCarthy, L. R., Harding, D., Wilson, S., Coughtrie, M. W., and Burchell, B. (1987) Biochem. J. 242, 581-588), expressed as a fusion protein in(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the variations of galactose-beta-1,3-glucuronosyltransferase I (GlcAT-I) expression related to the decrease in proteoglycan synthesis mediated by interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) in rat chondrocytes, and to evaluate the influence of glucosamine on the effects elicited by this proinflammatory cytokine. METHODS Rat articular chondrocytes in(More)
Acylglucuronides formed from carboxylic acids by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are electrophilic metabolites able to covalently bind proteins. In this study, we demonstrate the reactivity of the acylglucuronide from the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ketoprofen, toward human and rat liver UGTs. Ketoprofen acylglucuronide irreversibly inhibited(More)
To investigate the glucuronidation on the hydroxyl group of carbohydrate-containing drugs, the in vitro formation of glucuronides on the thioxyloside ring of the antithrombotic drug, LF 4.0212, was followed in rat and human liver microsomes and with recombinant UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGT). The reaction revealed a marked regioselectivity in rat and(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a polyphenol present in wine, which has been reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-platelet, and anti-carcinogenic effects. The glucuronidation of this compound and that of the cis-isomer also naturally present, has been investigated in human liver microsomes. Both isomers were actively glucuronidated.(More)
The treatment of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT1*6 stably expressed in V79 cells with three carboxyl-specific reagents, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide and N-ethyl-5-phenylisoxazolium-3'-sulfonate (Woodward's reagent K), resulted in a fast, dose-dependent decrease of the 4-methylumbelliferone glucuronidation. The(More)
The human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoform UGT1A6 is predicted to be a type I transmembrane protein anchored in the endoplasmic reticulum by a single C-terminal transmembrane domain, followed by a short cytoplasmic tail. This topology is thought to be established through the sequential action of a cleavable N-terminal signal peptide and of a C-terminal(More)
We recently reported that glucosamine reversed the decrease in proteoglycan synthesis and in UDP-glucuronosyltransferase I mRNA expression induced by interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) [Arthritis Rheum. 44 (2001) 351-360]. In the present work, we show that glucosamine does not exert the same effects when chondrocytes were stimulated with reactive oxygen species(More)