Jacques M. Pouyssegur

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Tumour cells emerge as a result of genetic alteration of signal circuitries promoting cell growth and survival, whereas their expansion relies on nutrient supply. Oxygen limitation is central in controlling neovascularization, glucose metabolism, survival and tumour spread. This pleiotropic action is orchestrated by hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), which is(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), a transcriptional complex conserved from Caenorhabditis elegans to vertebrates, plays a pivotal role in cellular adaptation to low oxygen availability. In normoxia, the HIF-alpha subunits are targeted for destruction by prolyl hydroxylation, a specific modification that provides recognition for the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex(More)
We present the complete sequence of a cDNA encoding the human amiloride-sensitive Na+/H+ antiporter. After functional complementation of a mouse fibroblast mutant by gene transfer, we isolated a 0.8 kb genomic probe from a third-cycle mouse transformant. The probe detects gene amplification in Na+/H+ antiporter "overexpressers" and a single class of mRNA of(More)
Since the cloning of the first member of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE) family, termed NHE1, four NHE isoforms have been cloned (NHE2, NHE3, NHE4, and the trout beta-NHE) and expressed in exchanger-deficient cell lines. All these isoforms exhibit significant identity to NHE1 and possess a similar hydropathy profile with two highly conserved transmembrane(More)
This review describes recent progress concerning the molecular aspects of the Na+/H+ exchanger. The Na+/H+ exchanger is an important regulator for intracellular pH, cell volume, and transepithelial Na+ transport. It exists in virtually all cells with cell type-dependent pattern of isoform expression, and it is regulated in response to a variety of(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1 and 2) are synaptic signaling components necessary for several forms of learning. In mice lacking ERK1, we observe a dramatic enhancement of striatum-dependent long-term memory, which correlates with a facilitation of long-term potentiation in the nucleus accumbens. At the cellular level, we find that ablation of(More)
While hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a major actor in the cell survival response to hypoxia, HIF also is associated with cell death. Several studies implicate the HIF-induced putative BH3-only proapoptotic genes bnip3 and bnip3l in hypoxia-mediated cell death. We, like others, do not support this assertion. Here, we clearly demonstrate that the hypoxic(More)
A major feature of solid tumours is hypoxia, decreased availability of oxygen, which increases patient treatment resistance and favours tumour progression. How hypoxic conditions are generated in tumour tissues and how cells respond to hypoxia are essential questions in understanding tumour progression and metastasis. Massive tumour-cell proliferation(More)
The Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signaling cascade that integrates an extreme variety of extracellular stimuli into key biological responses controlling cell proliferation, differentiation or death is one of the most studied intracellular pathways. Here we present some evidences that have been accumulated over the last 15 years proving the requirement of ERK in the(More)