Jacques Lefresne

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After fertilization in axolotl, the synchronous cell cleavages are triphasic (S, G2 and M phases). Midblastula transition (MBT) begins at the ninth cleavage and is the consequence of lengthening of cell cycles. By spectrofluorometry and incorporation of 3H thymidine into the nuclear DNA followed by autoradiography on individual cells, the time at which a G1(More)
Replacement of the light form of DNA ligase (6 S) by the heavy form (8 S) in activated egg of Axolotl has been studied as a model for change in genetic activity exerted by the female pronucleus. Nuclear transplantation shows that a blastula nucleus is able to govern the replacement of the light ligase by the heavy one. The result is not the same if the(More)
We have set up a heterologous in vivo system to study gene regulation at the post-transcriptional level during early development. This system uses two amphibian species, Xenopus laevis and Ambystoma mexicanum (axolotl), the development of which is three to four times slower than that of X. laevis. The stability of three different synthetic X. laevis c-myc(More)
A definite change in the forms of DNA ligase appears when the axolotl egg enters cleavage. Sucrose gradient and phosphocellulose chromatography show that the a 6S form of DNA ligase exists before division, i.e. in unfertilised and fertilised egg, and a 8.2S form is present at the first division. N-ethylmaleimide sensitivity and heat stability are different(More)
The expression of DNA ligase genes was studied using the nuclear transplantation approach in the germ line of Pleurodeles waltlii (P. waltlii) just before and during gonadogenesis. Germ cell (GC) nuclei were isolated from larvae of P. waltlii and transplanted into unfertilized Ambystoma mexicanum eggs. DNA ligase activity in these eggs was then analyzed(More)
A new DNA ligase activity is expressed when the Axolotl eggs enter cleavage. The messenger RNA can be labelled by [3H] uridine thereby indicating its de novo synthesis. This new genetic expression is occurring just before cleavage and is the earliest found during Amphibian development. The newly synthesized [3H] mRNA can be translated in vitro in the rabbit(More)