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The trypsin/chymotrypsin inhibitors from winter pea seeds (PsTI) are members of the Bowman-Birk protease inhibitor (BBPI) family. The crystal structure of the isoform PsTI-IVb was determined by molecular replacement at 2.7 A resolution using the X-ray co-ordinates of the soybean inhibitor as a search model. The inhibitor crystallized with a nearly perfect(More)
In order to modify the catalytic properties of trypsin, lysine-188 (S1) of the substrate binding pocket was substituted by an aromatic amino acid residue (Phe, Tyr, Trp) or by a histidyl residue. Two other mutants were obtained by displacement or elimination of the negative charge of aspartic acid-189 (K188D/D189K and G187W/K188F/D189Y, respectively). The(More)
In wheat, the high-molecular weight (HMW) glutenin subunits are known to contribute to gluten viscoelasticity, and show some similarities to elastomeric animal proteins as elastin. When combining the sequence of a glutenin with that of elastin is a way to create new chimeric functional proteins, which could be expressed in plants. The sequence of a glutenin(More)
Tyrosine-containing model peptides were oxidized by horseradish peroxidase (HRP). This led to a peptide polymerization via condensation of the aromatic rings. Dimers, trimers, and tetramers (depending on the peptide length and on the position of the tyrosine in the sequence) were identified by electron spray mass spectroscopy. The second-order rate(More)
Biopolymers represent an interesting alternative to synthetic polymers in order to be used as structured carriers for controlled release and encapsulation applications. In particular, the ability of these carriers to entrap both hydrophilic and hydrophobic drugs may be very promising for many applications. In addition, the absence of chemical compounds and(More)
Wheat gluten films were prepared by thermo-pressing, and their mechanical properties were compared to those of cast films. The stress-strain relationship was established for films with various amounts of glycerol. Both relationships were quite different, revealing a different network organization. Thermo-pressed films presented higher stress values than(More)
Four near-isogenic B. napus varieties, with decreasing amounts of erucic acid and glucosinolates reflecting the actual breeding process, were used to characterize the proteins affected during this process. Following improvement of 2-DE conditions, proteins differentially accumulated were identified by mass spectrometry analysis. Accumulation of cruciferins(More)
A study was conducted to investigate the biochemistry of digestion of field pea (Pisum sativum L.) albumins and globulins in the stomach and along the small intestine of weaned piglets with a particular emphasis on the respective roles of these compartments in pea protein digestion. Twenty-four piglets were weaned at 28 d of age. They were allocated to 2(More)
The influence of various levels of succinylation on the structure of the legumin from pea seed has been studied by the techniques of sedimentation velocity, viscometry, fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopy, as well as dynamic light scattering. The protein dissociates gradually into the 3S subunit forming a 7S intermediate. At a level of 75-80%(More)
The influence of some selected factors on the properties of nano- and microparticles obtained from vicilin (storage protein from Pisum sativum L.) has been studied. These systems were prepared by coacervation followed by a cross-linking step with glutaraldehyde. Stabilized vicilin particles could be formed very rapidly after a short exposure to a low(More)