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BACKGROUND/AIMS Mutations in p53, a tumor suppressor gene located on chromosome 17p, are the most frequent genetic alterations found in human cancers. Increased intracellular concentration of p53, which is frequently but not systematically related to p53 mutation, has been proposed to be associated with poor prognosis in some tumor types. In colorectal(More)
The comparative typing of matched tumor and blood DNAs at dinucleotide repeat (microsatellite) loci has revealed in tumor DNA the presence of alleles that are not observed in normal DNA. The occurrence of these additional alleles is possibly due to replication errors (RERs). Although this observation has led to the recognition of a subtype of colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Surgical resection of liver metastases is performed increasingly frequently after chemotherapy, which can induce fatty degeneration, possibly modifying the postoperative course after hepatectomy. This study evaluated the effect of chemotherapy on postoperative liver function tests according to the use of preoperative chemotherapy or not. (More)
To set the basis for a precise assessment of new therapeutic approaches, the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer should be evaluated with the highest precision. The recent discovery, in tumor cells, of somatically acquired genetic alterations believed to be instrumental in tumor behavior may provide new independent prognostic factors. In the(More)
Between 1968 and 1979, 183 patients with invasive epidermoid cancer of the anal canal were treated at Institut Curie. There was 156 women, 27 men with a mean age of 67 +/- 11 years (range 40 to 85 years). The initial height of the tumor was less than 4 cm (65 patients), 4 to 6 cm (98 patients), and more than 6 cm (20 patients). All the patients received(More)
PURPOSE Following initial radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for the treatment of anal cancer, patients who present with either persistent or locally recurrent disease are treated by abdominoperineal resection. The aim of this retrospective study was to review the long-term survival and prognostic factors after such surgery in a single institution. METHODS(More)
Cytogenetic study of 11 cases of colorectal carcinoma was performed after R-banding. In all instances, there was a rearrangement involving chromosome 17 in its juxtacentromeric region, leading to the loss of its short arm. There was also a relative lack of chromosome 18, unrelated to a rearrangement of this chromosome in all but one case. Other anomalies,(More)
The cytogenetic analysis of 30 colorectal adenomas obtained from 24 patients is reported. Only normal karyotypes were observed in eight cases. Among the 22 adenomas with abnormal karyotypes, 15 showed clonal anomalies. Chromosome gains involving chromosomes 13, 20, 7, 9, and 12 were recurrently observed. Chromosome 18 was frequently lost or involved in(More)
The cytogenetic study of 18 near-diploid colorectal tumors shows that the observed numerical and structural abnormalities resulted in recurrent chromosomal losses and gains. By order of decreasing frequencies, they are: monosomy 17p (16/18), partial or more frequently complete monosomy 18 (14/18), trisomy 20q (11/18), trisomy or tetrasomy 13 (10/18),(More)