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Pneumococcal vaccination of older persons is thought to be cost-effective in preventing pneumococcal pneumonia, but evidence of clinical protection is uncertain. Because there is better evidence of vaccination effectiveness against invasive pneumococcal disease, we determined the cost-effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination of persons aged > or =65 years(More)
The use of pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV) is low in some countries, maybe because of doubts regarding its efficacy. This meta-analysis aims at combining evidence from randomized trials of PPV assessing its efficacy in preventing Streptococcus pneumoniae related diseases in immunocompetent adults. In the fourteen trials totalling 48,837 patients(More)
BACKGROUND In controlled studies, procalcitonin (PCT) has safely and effectively reduced antibiotic drug use for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs). However, controlled trial data may not reflect real life. METHODS We performed an observational quality surveillance in 14 centers in Switzerland, France, and the United States. Consecutive adults(More)
Procalcitonin (PCT)-guided antibiotic stewardship is a successful strategy to decrease antibiotic use. We assessed if clinical judgement affected compliance with a PCT-algorithm for antibiotic prescribing in a multicenter surveillance of patients with lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). Initiation and duration of antibiotic therapy, adherence to a(More)
OBJECTIVE This population-based retrospective study quantified the burden of all-cause and pneumococcal pneumonia and meningitis in the Rhône-Alpes region of France from 2005 to 2010, when the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine uptake increased from 50 to>90% in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS Hospital admission data was obtained from the French(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid levels of fosfomycin were measured in 10 patients with bacterial meningitis. Fosfomycin 200 mg/kg/day was administered in three 4-hour intravenous infusions. The antibiotic was associated with amoxicillin in 9 patients and with cefotaxime in one. Cerebrospinal fluid was obtained on the 2nd and 5th days of treatment, 2 hours after the end(More)
Understanding the effect of herpes zoster and zoster-related pain should inform care to improve health-related quality of life in elderly patients. A 12-month, longitudinal, prospective, multicenter observational study conducted in primary care in France enrolled patients aged ≥ 50 years with acute eruptive herpes zoster. Patient-reported zoster-related(More)
The purpose of this paper is to describe the impact of exposure to influenza on hospitalizations and deaths in the elderly residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs). An observational, longitudinal, prospective, multicenter, cohort study collected influenza and influenza-like cases, diseases, hospitalizations, and deaths of dependant elderly residents(More)
Herpes zoster (HZ) is primarily a disease of nerve tissue but the acute and longer-term manifestations require multidisciplinary knowledge and involvement in their management. Complications may be dermatological (e.g. secondary bacterial infection), neurological (e.g. long-term pain, segmental paresis, stroke), ophthalmological (e.g. keratitis,(More)
BACKGROUND Data about anti-malarial drugs prescription practices in Europe and the safety of imported malaria treatments are scanty. In 1999, a French consensus development conference published guidelines for the prevention and treatment of imported P. falciparum malaria. The impact of these guidelines has not been evaluated. AIM To investigate the impact(More)