Jacques Gaillard

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In Sphingomonas CHY-1, a single ring-hydroxylating dioxygenase is responsible for the initial attack of a range of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) composed of up to five rings. The components of this enzyme were separately purified and characterized. The oxygenase component (ht-PhnI) was shown to contain one Rieske-type [2Fe-2S] cluster and one(More)
Because nickel is both essential and toxic to a great variety of organisms, its detection and transport is highly regulated. In Escherichia coli and other related Gram-negative bacteria, high affinity nickel transport depends on proteins expressed by the nik operon. A central actor of this process is the periplasmic NikA transport protein. A previous(More)
Sire selection efficiency depends on the knowledge of accurate genetic parameters. In France, artificial insemination (AI) sires are selected according to their own performances and those of their progeny, which are both recorded in test stations. Genetic parameters among progeny traits were estimated using multi-trait REML (restricted estimation of maximum(More)
In France, beef traits of artificial insemination (AI) beef bulls are improved through the sequential selection for their own performances and for their male progeny performances, both being recorded in test stations. The efficiency of such programmes mainly depends on the genetic correlations between sire performances and progeny beef traits. Such(More)
Analysis of the genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus has revealed the presence of a previously undetected gene potentially encoding a plant- and mammalian-type [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin. Expression of that gene in Escherichia coli has yielded a novel thermostable [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin (designated ferredoxin 5) whose sequence is most similar to(More)
Fe-only hydrogenases contain a di-iron active site complex, in which the two Fe atoms have carbon monoxide and cyanide ligands and are linked together by a putative di(thiomethyl)amine molecule. We have cloned, purified and characterized the HydE and HydG proteins, thought to be involved in the biosynthesis of this peculiar metal site, from the thermophilic(More)
The active site of [Fe-Fe]-hydrogenases is composed of a di-iron complex, where the two metal atoms are bridged together by a putative di(thiomethyl)amine molecule and are also ligated by di-nuclear ligands, namely carbon monoxide and cyanide. Biosynthesis of this metal site is thought to require specific protein machinery coded by the hydE, hydF, and hydG(More)
A bibliometric study using the lists of publications and work of 207 scientists working in Asia, Latin America and Africa was conducted. Number of authored and co-authored articles published in scientific journals and bulletins, conference papers, books, chapters of books, reports were taken into consideration to measure the total scientific output. Local(More)